Inhibition of preprotein translocation and reversion of the membrane inserted state of SecA by a carboxyl terminus binding MAbden Blaauwen, T., de Wit, J. G., Gosker, H., van der Does, C., Breukink, E. J., de Leij, L. & Driessen, A. J. M., 29-Jul-1997, In : Biochemistry. 36, 30, p. 9159-9168 10 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
SecA is the peripheral subunit of the preprotein translocase of Escherichia coli. SecA consists of two independently folding domains, i.e., the N-domain bearing the high-affinity nucleotide binding site (NBS-I) and the C-domain that harbors the low-affinity NBS-II. ATP induces SecA insertion into the membrane during preprotein translocation. Domain-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were developed to analyze the functions of the SecA domains in preprotein translocation. The antigen binding sites of the obtained mAbs were confined to five epitopes. One of the mAbs, i.e., mAb 300-1K5, recognizes an epitope in the C-domain in a region that has been implicated in membrane insertion. This mAb, either as IgG or as Fab, completely inhibits in vitro proOmpA translocation and SecA translocation ATPase activity. It prevents SecA membrane insertion and, more strikingly, reverses membrane insertion and promotes the release of SecA from the membrane. Surface plasmon resonance measurements demonstrate that the mAb recognizes the ADP- and the AMP-PNP-bound state of SecA either free in solution or bound at the membrane at the SecYEG protein. It is concluded that the mAb actively reverses a conformation essential for membrane insertion of SecA. The other mAbs directed to various epitopes in the N-domain were found to be without effect, although all bind the native SecA. These results demonstrate that the C-domain plays an important role in the SecA membrane insertion, providing further evidence that this process is needed for preprotein translocation.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 29-Jul-1997|
- COLI PLASMA-MEMBRANE, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, PROTEIN TRANSLOCATION, ATP-BINDING, CYTOPLASMIC MEMBRANE, ESSENTIAL COMPONENT, SECRETORY PROTEINS, LIPID-BINDING, IN-VIVO, EXPORT