Publication

Individual differences in very young children’s English acquisition in China: Internal and external factors

Sun, H., Steinkrauss, R., Tendeiro, J. & de Bot, K., May-2016, In : Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 19, 3, p. 550-566 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Sun, H., Steinkrauss, R., Tendeiro, J., & de Bot, K. (2016). Individual differences in very young children’s English acquisition in China: Internal and external factors. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, 19(3), 550-566. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728915000243

Author

Sun, He ; Steinkrauss, Rasmus ; Tendeiro, Jorge ; de Bot, Kees. / Individual differences in very young children’s English acquisition in China : Internal and external factors. In: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 2016 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 550-566.

Harvard

Sun, H, Steinkrauss, R, Tendeiro, J & de Bot, K 2016, 'Individual differences in very young children’s English acquisition in China: Internal and external factors', Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 550-566. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728915000243

Standard

Individual differences in very young children’s English acquisition in China : Internal and external factors. / Sun, He; Steinkrauss, Rasmus; Tendeiro, Jorge; de Bot, Kees.

In: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition, Vol. 19, No. 3, 05.2016, p. 550-566.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Sun H, Steinkrauss R, Tendeiro J, de Bot K. Individual differences in very young children’s English acquisition in China: Internal and external factors. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition. 2016 May;19(3):550-566. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1366728915000243


BibTeX

@article{c5973dc0e6334ac8bf04f4f2285ec9b5,
title = "Individual differences in very young children{\textquoteright}s English acquisition in China: Internal and external factors",
abstract = "This study assesses the impact of internal and external factors on very young EFL learners in an instructional setting. 71 child English learners in China (onset age: 2;0 - 5;6) were involved: their receptive vocabulary, productive vocabulary and receptive grammar were taken as outcome variables, and age of onset, short-term memory, nonverbal intelligence, English input quantity and quality, English use, and maternal English level were taken as predictive variables. Multiple regression analyses, verified by Bayes factor comparisons, revealed that the total amount of school input and home English media environment were significant predictors for all of three aspects of English proficiency, with each aspect having different additional significant predictors. Both internal factors (e.g., age of onset) and external factors (e.g., English input quantity)played an important role, but in contrast to similar studies (e.g., Paradis, 2011) focusing on a L2 naturalistic setting, external factors explained more variance of English proficiency measures.",
keywords = "internal and external factors, EFL, ESL, early foreign language teaching and learning, Chinese learners",
author = "He Sun and Rasmus Steinkrauss and Jorge Tendeiro and {de Bot}, Kees",
year = "2016",
month = may,
doi = "10.1017/S1366728915000243",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "550--566",
journal = "Bilingualism: Language and Cognition",
issn = "1366-7289",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Individual differences in very young children’s English acquisition in China

T2 - Internal and external factors

AU - Sun, He

AU - Steinkrauss, Rasmus

AU - Tendeiro, Jorge

AU - de Bot, Kees

PY - 2016/5

Y1 - 2016/5

N2 - This study assesses the impact of internal and external factors on very young EFL learners in an instructional setting. 71 child English learners in China (onset age: 2;0 - 5;6) were involved: their receptive vocabulary, productive vocabulary and receptive grammar were taken as outcome variables, and age of onset, short-term memory, nonverbal intelligence, English input quantity and quality, English use, and maternal English level were taken as predictive variables. Multiple regression analyses, verified by Bayes factor comparisons, revealed that the total amount of school input and home English media environment were significant predictors for all of three aspects of English proficiency, with each aspect having different additional significant predictors. Both internal factors (e.g., age of onset) and external factors (e.g., English input quantity)played an important role, but in contrast to similar studies (e.g., Paradis, 2011) focusing on a L2 naturalistic setting, external factors explained more variance of English proficiency measures.

AB - This study assesses the impact of internal and external factors on very young EFL learners in an instructional setting. 71 child English learners in China (onset age: 2;0 - 5;6) were involved: their receptive vocabulary, productive vocabulary and receptive grammar were taken as outcome variables, and age of onset, short-term memory, nonverbal intelligence, English input quantity and quality, English use, and maternal English level were taken as predictive variables. Multiple regression analyses, verified by Bayes factor comparisons, revealed that the total amount of school input and home English media environment were significant predictors for all of three aspects of English proficiency, with each aspect having different additional significant predictors. Both internal factors (e.g., age of onset) and external factors (e.g., English input quantity)played an important role, but in contrast to similar studies (e.g., Paradis, 2011) focusing on a L2 naturalistic setting, external factors explained more variance of English proficiency measures.

KW - internal and external factors, EFL, ESL, early foreign language teaching and learning, Chinese learners

U2 - 10.1017/S1366728915000243

DO - 10.1017/S1366728915000243

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 550

EP - 566

JO - Bilingualism: Language and Cognition

JF - Bilingualism: Language and Cognition

SN - 1366-7289

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 15923481