Individual differences in nostalgia proneness: The integrating role of the need to belong

Seehusen, J., Cordaro, F., Wildschut, T., Sedikides, C., Routledge, C., Blackhart, G. C., Epstude, K. & Vingerhoets, A. J. J. M., Nov-2013, In : Personality and Individual Differences. 55, 8, p. 904-908 5 p.

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  • Individual differences in nostalgia proneness The integrating role of the need to belong

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  • Johannes Seehusen
  • Filippo Cordaro
  • Tim Wildschut
  • Constantine Sedikides
  • Clay Routledge
  • Ginette C. Blackhart
  • Kai Epstude
  • Ad J. J. M. Vingerhoets

Who is the nostalgia-prone person? The 'sociality view' sees an individual who frequently recalls meaningful memories rich in social content. The 'maladaptation view' sees an emotionally unstable, neurotic individual. In four studies, we integrated these contrasting views. We hypothesized that the link between neuroticism and nostalgia proneness arises because (a) neuroticism is associated with the need to belong and (b) the need to belong triggers nostalgia, with its abundant social content. Consistent with this hypothesis, Studies 1-2 found that the correlation between neuroticism and nostalgia proneness was eliminated when controlling for the need to belong. The need to belong predicted increased nostalgia proneness, above and beyond neuroticism. Specifically, Study 2 revealed that a deficit-reduction (rather than growth) belongingness orientation predicted increased nostalgia proneness. When the role of this deficit-reduction belongingness orientation was controlled, the positive correlation between neuroticism and nostalgia disappeared. Studies 3-4 showed that experimental inductions of a belongingness deficit augmented nostalgia, providing support for its compensatory role. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)904-908
Number of pages5
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2013


  • Nostalgia proneness, Neuroticism, Need to belong, Belongingness deficit, Social connectedness, SOCIAL EXCLUSION, LONELINESS, MEMORY, BIG-5

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