Publication

Independent outdoor mobility of persons with multiple sclerosis – A systematic review

van der Feen, F., de Haan, G., van der Lijn, I., Heersema, D., Meilof, J. F. & Heutink, J., Jan-2020, In : Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders. 37, 26 p., 101463.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) can manifest itself in many ways, all of which can affect the independent outdoor mobility of persons with MS (pwMS). In most studies, mobility of pwMS is defined by the ability to walk. However, mobility comprises more than walking alone. This systematic review provides an overview of the literature on several types of independent outdoor mobility of pwMS. We aimed to identify which specific factors may influence outdoor mobility and how the lives of pwMS may be affected by a reduced mobility. Methods: A systematic literature search was performed, using three databases (PubMed, PsychInfo and Web of Science). Studies had to describe a group of pwMS sclerosis and had to concern some type of mobility other than walking. Results: The 57 studies that fulfilled the criteria included in total 10,394 pwMS and in addition, 95,300 pwMS in separate prevalence study. These studies showed that pwMS as a group have a decreased fitness to drive, make use of a wheelchair or mobility scooter more often and have difficulties making use of public transport. Mobility problems especially occur in patients with cognitive problems, secondary progressive MS or high disability scores. Conclusions: The reduced mobility may prevent pwMS participating in society. However, few studies investigating interventions or rehabilitation options to improve mobility were found in the existing literature, highlighting an until now under recognised unmet need.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101463
Number of pages26
JournalMultiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders
Volume37
Early online date22-Oct-2019
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2020

    Keywords

  • Mobility, Multiple sclerosis, Driving, Wheelchair, Public transportation, WORKING-AGE PERSONS, DRIVING PERFORMANCE, OLDER-ADULTS, PEOPLE, INDIVIDUALS, COMMUNITY, SYMPTOMS, FITNESS, POPULATION, IMPAIRMENT

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