Independence of elderly patients with arterial hypertension in fulfilling their needs, in the aspect of functional assessment and quality of life (QoL)

Muszalik, M., Dijkstra, A., Kedziora-Kornatowska, K., Zielinska-Wieczkowska, H. & Kornatowski, T., 2011, In : Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 52, 3, p. E204-E209 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Marta Muszalik
  • Ate Dijkstra
  • Kornelia Kedziora-Kornatowska
  • Halina Zielinska-Wieczkowska
  • Tomasz Kornatowski

Functional efficiency is the ability to be independent in fulfilling the basic needs of everyday life. Independence in meeting these needs is important to maintain a good quality of life (QoL). Chronic diseases affecting elderly people may, to some extent, limit fulfilling numerous needs, however, the acquired ability to live with a disease enables such patients to cope well with their needs. The aim of the study was to evaluate in the examined patients the independence in meeting their bio-psycho-social needs in relation to functional efficiency and QoL. The study group was recruited among hospitalized patients in the Department and Clinic of Geriatrics, 91 women and 59 men, for a total of 150 people. The mean age of the study group was 73.4 years. The research was carried out using a diagnostic poll method with the application of The Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy questionnaire (FACIT-F version 4); Activities of Daily Living questionnaire (ADL) of assessment of daily efficiency on the basis of the Katz Scale; Care Dependency Scale questionnaire (CDS) used to measure the level of the care dependency and human needs. The results of CDS for the study group were running at high level and were dependent on the marital status and age. No impact of gender, place of residence, education, material situation and disease duration was revealed. Similarly, FACIT-F scores were higher for married patients than for widowed ones, and they were age-dependent. Most of CDS scores were at a high level, which means that the investigated patients were, to a limited extent, care-dependent in meeting their needs. In the majority of subjects, the level of daily activities was high, which proves an independent functioning. Results of CDS were dependent on FACIT-F scores in the study group. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E204-E209
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Functional assessment, Quality of life (QoL), Elderly people, Human needs, Arterial hypertension, CARE DEPENDENCY SCALE

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