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Increased Penicillin Production in Penicillium chrysogenum Production Strains via Balanced Overexpression of Isopenicillin N Acyltransferase

Weber, S. S., Polli, F., Boer, R., Bovenberg, R. A. L. & Driessen, A. J. M., Oct-2012, In : Applied and environmental microbiology. 78, 19, p. 7107-7113 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Intense classical strain improvement has yielded industrial Penicillium chrysogenum strains that produce high titers of penicillin. These strains contain multiple copies of the penicillin biosynthesis cluster encoding the three key enzymes: delta-(l-alpha-aminoadipyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine synthetase (ACVS), isopenicillin N synthase (IPNS), and isopenicillin N acyltransferase (IAT). The phenylacetic acid coenzyme A (CoA) ligase (PCL) gene encoding the enzyme responsible for the activation of the side chain precursor phenylacetic acid is localized elsewhere in the genome in a single copy. Since the protein level of IAT already saturates at low cluster copy numbers, IAT might catalyze a limiting step in high-yielding strains. Here, we show that penicillin production in high-yielding strains can be further improved by the overexpression of IAT while at very high levels of IAT the precursor 6-aminopenicillic acid (6-APA) accumulates. Overproduction of PCL only marginally stimulates penicillin production. These data demonstrate that in high-yielding strains IAT is the limiting factor and that this limitation can be alleviated by a balanced overproduction of this enzyme.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7107-7113
Number of pages7
JournalApplied and environmental microbiology
Volume78
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2012

    Keywords

  • GENE-CLUSTER, ASPERGILLUS-NIDULANS, ACID ACYLTRANSFERASE, PHENYLACETIC ACID, BIOSYNTHESIS, AMPLIFICATION, CEPHALOSPORIN, ORGANIZATION, ANTIBIOTICS, SYSTEM

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