Increased mortality in systemic inflammatory response syndrome patients with high levels of coagulation factor VIIaHyseni, A., Kemperman, H., De Lange, D. W., De Groot, P. G., Linssen, M., Kesecioglu, J., Lisman, T. & Roest, M., Dec-2013, In : JOURNAL OF THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS. 11, 12, p. 2111-2117 7 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
BackgroundThe tissue factor (TF)- Factor VIIa (FVIIa) complex has a pivotal role in inflammatory and coagulation responses in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and sepsis. Because zymogen FVII (FVII) and FVIIa compete for binding to TF, their plasma levels determine if a catalytically active TF-FVIIa complex will be formed.
ObjectiveTo study mortality in SIRS patients as a function of FVIIa and FVII levels in plasma.
MethodsThis was a cohort study of 275 patients presenting with SIRS, aged 18 years or older and with an anticipated Intensive Care Unit (ICU) stay of at least 24h. FVIIa was measured using a novel, quantitative assay that recognizes FVIIa, but not FVII. All-cause hospital mortality was followed over a period of 60days.
ResultsThe percentage of FVII measured as FVIIa was higher in non-survivors than survivors (2.8%, IQR=1-5.5% vs. 1.5%, IQR=0.6-3.3%; P=0.034). High levels of FVIIa were associated with decreased 60-day cumulative survival (62% vs. 81%, P=0.030); the opposite was observed for FVII (84% vs. 76%, P=0.039). Patients with high-FVIIa and low-FVII levels had a three-fold increased hazard ratio (HR) compared with the patients that had low-FVIIa and high-FVII levels (HR=3.24, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.41-7.36). This association persisted after adjusting for the APACHE IV score (adjusted HR=2.75, 95% CI=1.2-6.27).
ConclusionsSIRS patients with high-FVIIa and low-FVII on admission have an increased mortality risk, an association that is independent from the parameters included in the APACHE IV score.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||JOURNAL OF THROMBOSIS AND HAEMOSTASIS|
|Publication status||Published - Dec-2013|
- critical care, factor VII, factor VIIa, sepsis, systemic inflammatory response syndrome, tissue factor, FACTOR PATHWAY INHIBITOR, PROTEASE-ACTIVATED RECEPTORS, TISSUE FACTOR, SEVERE SEPSIS, BLOOD-COAGULATION, ESCHERICHIA-COLI, SEPTIC SHOCK, ENDOTOXEMIA, INFECTION, ANTIBODY