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Increase in Rubisco activity and gene expression due to elevated temperature partially counteracts ultraviolet radiation-induced photoinhibition in the marine diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii

Walter Helbling, E., Buma, A. G. J., Boelen, P., van der Strate, H. J., Fiorda Giordanino, M. V. & Villafane, V. E., Jul-2011, In : Limnology and Oceanography. 56, 4, p. 1330-1342 13 p.

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  • Increase in Rubisco activity and gene expression due to elevated temperature

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DOI

We performed outdoor experiments to evaluate the effect of temperature on photoinhibition properties in the cosmopolitan diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii. Cultures were exposed to solar radiation with or without ultraviolet radiation (UVR, 280-400 nm), UV-A (320-400 nm), and UV-B (280-320 nm) at both 20 degrees C and 25 degrees C. Four possible cellular mechanisms involved in UVR stress were simultaneously addressed: carbon incorporation, chlorophyll a fluorescence of photosystem II, xanthophyll cycle activity, and ribulose-1,5-biphosphate carboxylase : oxygenase (Rubisco) activity and gene expression. Experiments consisted of daily cycles (i.e., the daylight period) and short-term incubations (i.e., 1 h centered on local noon). Samples incubated at 25 degrees C had significantly less UVR-induced inhibition of carbon fixation and effective photochemical quantum yield compared to those incubated at 20 degrees C. At 25 degrees C Rubisco activity and gene expression were significantly higher than at 20 degrees C. The higher Rubisco activity and gene expression were correlated with less dissipation of excess energy, evaluated via non-photochemical quenching, and the de-epoxidation state of the xanthophyll pigments, as more photons could be processed. An increase in temperature due to climate change would partially counteract the negative effects of UVR by increasing the response of metabolic pathways, such as those involved in Rubisco. This, in turn, may have important consequences for the ecosystem, as higher production (due to more Rubisco activity) could be expected under a scenario of global warming.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1330-1342
Number of pages13
JournalLimnology and Oceanography
Volume56
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2011

    Keywords

  • UVR-INDUCED PHOTOINHIBITION, XANTHOPHYLL CYCLE ACTIVITY, ABSORBING COMPOUNDS, PHOTOSYNTHETIC PERFORMANCE, PHYTOPLANKTON COMMUNITIES, CHLOROPHYLL FLUORESCENCE, OXIDATIVE STRESS, SOLAR-RADIATION, HIGH IRRADIANCE, CLIMATE-CHANGE

ID: 5397422