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In vivo "real-time" monitoring of glucose in the brain with an amperometric enzyme-based biosensor based on gold coated tungsten (W-Au) microelectrodes

Cordeiro, C. A., Sias, A., Koster, T., Westerink, B. H. C. & Cremers, T. I. F. H., 15-Jun-2018, In : Sensors and actuators b-Chemical. 263, p. 605-613 9 p.

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  • In vivo “real-time” monitoring of glucose

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Biosensors based on Pt or Pt/Ir based needle-type microelectrodes have been successfully employed for continuous in vivo real-time brain biomonitoring of biomarkers such as glutamate and glucose. However, when implanted, these biosensors often bend, thereby damaging its surface and degrading its bioanalytical properties. In addition, downscaling of Pt and Pt/Ir needle-type biosensors, to improve the spatial resolution and decrease tissue damage, is technically challenging. In that sense, we investigated whether the use of a material with low malleability, tungsten (W), coated with a highly conductive material, gold (Au) could be as an alternative for conventional needle-type based biosensors.

Therefore, we developed implantable needle-type (50 tim 0) gold coated tungsten (W-Au) amperometric microbiosensors. First, we evaluated electrochemically, the ability of W-Au microelectrodes (50 tim 0) to continuously monitor changes in H2O2. After, we functionalized, using a layer-by-layer assembly, the surface of W-Au microelectrodes. First with permselective membrane(s) (Nafion and Nafion-PPD) and after with an enzymatic hydrogel, containing an enzyme selective for glucose (glucose oxidase). Both the enzyme loading and the applied potential were optimized and the performance of functionalized W-Au microelectrodes and fully assembled biosensors was evaluated electrochemically. Additionally, the surface of bare and functionalized microelectrodes was also characterized by imaging techniques (scanning electron microscopy).

In vivo experiments revealed that, W-Au based glucose biosensors, were able to accurately monitor, in real-time, changes in brain glucose in response to relevant pharmacological challenges. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)605-613
Number of pages9
JournalSensors and actuators b-Chemical
Volume263
Publication statusPublished - 15-Jun-2018

    Keywords

  • In vivo, Glucose, Implantable biosensors, W-Au, Cyclic voltammetry, Amperometry, FREELY-MOVING RATS, EXTRACELLULAR GLUCOSE, MULTISITE MICROELECTRODE, L-GLUTAMATE, STRIATUM, SELECTIVITY, CHOLINE, CNS

ID: 77177813