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Implications of automated creatine kinase (CK)-MM1,2,3/CK-MB1,2 isoform analysis as an early marker for the detection of myocardial tissue damage

Swaanenburg, JCJM., Pentinga, M., Dejongste, MJL. & Kema, IP., Nov-1996, In : Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation. 56, 7, p. 627-633 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Measurement of creatine kinase (CK) isoforms enables the clinician to detect myocardial tissue damage at an early stage after myocardial infarction. According to the manufacturer's specifications, it should be possible to perform CK isoform analysis automatically using the new Cardio Rep(TM) analyser. In order to investigate the suitability of this new analyser we measured the CK MM1-3, and CK MB1 and 2 isoform patterns, firstly in 30 patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), for whom total CK and CK-MB levels were ordered, and secondly in 23 patients with chest pain suspected as having AMI (n = 11) or with unstable angina pectoris (UAP) (n = 12). The total time for analysis, including 5 min pre- and 10 min post-analyser run time, was found to be 40 min. For elevated MB2/MB1 ratios there is a discrepancy between the MB2/MB1 ratios determined from the densitometric scans concerning the surface and the peak height ratios. The MB2/MB1 ratios of the studied AMI patients exceeded the upper reference limits approximately 2 h after the onset of symptoms, whereas the CK-MB and total CK levels increased after about 6 h. The MB2/MB1 ratios from the patients with UAP were either below the detection limit or these patients could be discriminated from patients with AMI when low CK-MB and total CK levels were considered in conjunction. From our results we conclude that assessment of CK isoforms can be performed relatively simply with the new analyser within 40 min. However, for reliable calculation of the MB2/MB1 ratios, the curve monitoring of the MB2-MB1 densitometric scans should be improved. The CK isoforms are useful as an early marker for AMI as their reference interval is already exceeded approximately 2 h after an AMI. Moreover, CK isoform analysis might prove to be useful in discriminating at an early stage between AMI and other causes of chest pain. This could decrease the number of patients with a false-positive diagnosis admitted to coronary care units, resulting in a reduction of costs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)627-633
Number of pages7
JournalScandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation
Volume56
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Nov-1996

    Keywords

  • acute myocardial infarction, CK isoforms, early marker, tissue damage, CARDIAC TROPONIN-I, ACID-BINDING-PROTEIN, BIOCHEMICAL MARKERS, EARLY DIAGNOSIS, INFARCTION, ASSAY, MB, INJURY, MYOGLOBIN, SUBFORMS

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