Publication

Impact of professional quality management on interdisciplinary emergency care units

Korsten, P., Sliwa, B., Kuehn, M., Mueller, G. A. & Blaschke, S., Apr-2014, In : European journal of emergency medicine. 21, 2, p. 98-104 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Peter Korsten
  • Bodo Sliwa
  • Matthias Kuehn
  • Gerhard A. Mueller
  • Sabine Blaschke

Objectives

In emergency departments (EDs), overcrowding, workload complexity, and cost containment represent current operational problems. In this retrospective observational study, we analyzed the effects of a professional quality management (QM) system on patient flow, diagnostic validity, and hospital costs.

Materials and methods

In 2005/2006, the main ED at the University Medical Center Goettingen was reorganized. A professional QM system according to DIN EN ISO 9001:2008 was introduced in 2008. In a retrospective observational study, we compared the number of cases, the spectrum of clinical diagnoses, the validity of diagnoses, and hospital costs in the ED before (2005) and 2 years after the introduction of the QM system (2010).

Results

In the ED at the University Medical Center Goettingen, the number of cases increased by 22.7% between 2005 and 2010. After the introduction of the QM system, a significant reduction in patients' length of stay within the ED was achieved (P <0.001). Furthermore, the rate of diagnostic errors for patients assigned for admission within the ED could be reduced significantly (P=0.002). A reduction of patient-related hospital costs of 8.9% was achieved by restriction of diagnostic tests according to standard operating procedures for each emergency diagnosis.

Conclusion

The introduction of a professional QM system in EDs improves patient flow as well as quality of medical care and results in a significant reduction in hospital costs. Further analyses should evaluate the effects of QM on quality indicators in a prospective multicenter study. Validation of results has to be performed in a dynamic model for process simulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-104
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean journal of emergency medicine
Volume21
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr-2014
Externally publishedYes

    Keywords

  • quality management, diagnostic validity, interdisciplinary emergency care unit, patient flow, COST, DEPARTMENTS, SERVICES, TIMES

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