Identifying long-term patterns of work-related rumination: associations with job demands and well-being outcomes

Kinnunen, U., Feldt, T., Sianoja, M., de Bloom, J., Korpela, K. & Geurts, S., 2017, In : European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. 26, 4, p. 514-526 13 p.

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  • Identifying long term patterns of work related rumination associations with job demands and well being outcomes

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  • Ulla Kinnunen
  • Taru Feldt
  • Marjaana Sianoja
  • Jessica de Bloom
  • Kalevi Korpela
  • Sabine Geurts

The aim of this 2-year longitudinal study was to identify long-term patterns of work-related rumination in terms of affective rumination, problem-solving pondering, and lack of psychological detachment from work during off-job time. We also examined how the patterns differed in job demands and well-being outcomes. The data were collected via questionnaires in three waves among employees (N=664). Through latent profile analysis (LPA), five stable long-term patterns of rumination were identified: (1) no rumination (n=81), (2) moderate detachment from work (n=228), (3) moderate rumination combined with low detachment (n=216), (4) affective rumination (n=54), and (5) problem-solving pondering (n=85), both combined with low detachment. The patterns differed in the job demands and well-being outcomes examined. Job demands (time pressure, cognitive and emotional demands) were at the highest level across time in patterns 3-5 and lowest in pattern 1. Patterns 3 and 4 were associated with poorer well-being outcomes (higher job exhaustion and more sleeping problems, and lower work engagement) across time. By contrast, pattern 5 showed positive outcomes, especially high level of work engagement. Thus, the different patterns of work-related ruminative thoughts suggest diverse relationships with job demands and well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)514-526
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Rumination, detachment from work, recovery from work, work engagement, sleeping problems, job exhaustion, PERSEVERATIVE COGNITION, RECOVERY EXPERIENCES, SLEEP QUALITY, REPETITIVE THOUGHT, ENGAGEMENT, STRESS, MODEL, QUESTIONNAIRE, HEALTH, BEHAVIOR

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