Hypomagnesaemia and its determinants in a contemporary primary care cohort of persons with type 2 diabetes

Waanders, F., Dullaart, R. P. F., Vos, M. J., Hendriks, S. H., van Goor, H., Bilo, H. J. G. & van Dijk, P. R., 24-Oct-2019, In : Endocrine. 67, p. 80-86 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

AIMS: Among persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) hypomagnesaemia has been reported in 14-48% of patients. This may be of significance given the emerging associations of hypomagnesaemia with glucometabolic disturbances and possibly even complications. We assessed the prevalence of hypomagnesaemia and its determinants, in a well-defined cohort of persons with T2DM treated in primary care.

METHODS: Observational cohort study among persons with T2DM treated in primary care in the Northeast of the Netherlands. Magnesium was measured using a colorimetric endpoint assay (Roche). Hypomagnesaemia was defined as a serum magnesium level <0.70 mmol/L. Pearson correlations were performed to correlate variables with serum magnesium. Next, a stepwise backward regression model was made.

RESULTS: Data of 929 persons (55% male) with a mean age of 65 (± 10) years, diabetes duration 6.5 [3.0-10.1] years, and HbA1c concentration 6.7 (± 0.7)% (50 (± 9) mmol/mol) were analysed. Serum magnesium was 0.79 (± 0.08) mmol/L. The percentage of persons with magnesium deficiency was 9.6%. Age, diabetes duration, BMI, HbA1c, use of metformin, sulfonylurea derivatives, and DPP4 inhibitors were negatively associated with magnesium concentrations. In contrast, LDL cholesterol and serum creatinine were positively associated serum magnesium.

CONCLUSIONS: Hypomagnesaemia was present in 9.6% of T2DM patients treated in primary care. This percentage is remarkably lower than reported previously, possibly due to the unselected nature of our population. Concerning T2DM-related factors, only BMI, HbA1c and the use of metformin, sulfonylurea derivatives and DPP4 inhibitors correlated negatively with magnesium concentrations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-86
Number of pages7
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24-Oct-2019

ID: 101316709