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Hyperkalemia and Treatment With RAAS Inhibitors During Acute Heart Failure Hospitalizations and Their Association With Mortality

Beusekamp, J. C., Tromp, J., Cleland, J. G. F., Givertz, M. M., Metra, M., O'Connor, C. M., Teerlink, J. R., Ponikowski, P., Ouwerkerk, W., van Veldhuisen, D. J., Voors, A. A. & van der Meer, P., Nov-2019, In : JACC. Heart failure. 7, 11, p. 970-979 10 p.

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  • Hyperkalemia and Treatment With RAAS Inhibitors During Acute Heart Failure Hospitalizations and Their Association With Mortality

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DOI

OBJECTIVES This study investigated associations between incident hyperkalemia during acute heart failure (HF) hospitalizations and changes in renin-angiotensin-atdosterone system (RAAS) inhibitors.

BACKGROUND Hyperkaternia is a potential complication of RAAS inhibitors. For patients with HF, fear of hyperkatemia may lead to failure to deliver guideline-recommended doses of RAAS inhibitors.

METHODS Serum potassium concentrations were measured daily from baseline (5.0 mEq/l. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality at 180 days.

RESULTS Overall, serum potassium concentrations increased from 4.3 +/- 0.6 mEq/l at baseline to 4.5 +/- 0.6 mEq/l at discharge or day 7 (p <0.001). Patients developing incident hyperkalemia (n = 564; 35%) were more often taking mineralocorticoid antagonists (MRAs) therapy prior to hospitalization and were more likely to have them down-titrated during hospitalization, independent of confounders. Inddent hyperkatemia was not associated with adverse outcomes. Yet, down-titration of MRAs during hospitalization was independently associated with 180-day mortality (hazard ratio [fin 1.73; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.15 to 2.60), regardless of incident hyperkatemia (P-interaction >0.10). Patients with incident hyperkalemia who were discharged with the same or increased dose of MRAs (HR: 0.52; 95% 0: 0.32 to 0.85) or angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors/angiotensin receptor btockers (ARBs) (HR: 0.47; 95% 0: 0.29 to 0.77) had a tower 180-day mortality.

CONCLUSIONS Incident hyperkalemia is common in patients hospitalized for acute HF and is not associated with adverse outcomes. Incident hyperkalemia is associated with downtitration of MRAs, but patients who maintained or increased their dose of MRAs and/or ACE inhibitors/ARB during acute HF hospitalization had better 180-day survival. (C) 2019 by the American College of Cardiology Foundation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)970-979
Number of pages10
JournalJACC. Heart failure
Volume7
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2019

    Keywords

  • guideline-directed medication, heart failure, hyperkalemia, outcome, RAAS-inhibitors, REDUCED EJECTION FRACTION, SERUM POTASSIUM LEVELS, MILD PATIENTS HOSPITALIZATION, WORSENING RENAL-FUNCTION, DOUBLE-BLIND, ANTAGONIST, PLACEBO, MANAGEMENT, ROLOFYLLINE, EPLERENONE

ID: 118605043