How good are the outcomes of instrumented debulking operations for symptomatic spinal metastases and how long do they stand? A subgroup analysis in the global spine tumor study group databaseDepreitere, B., Ricciardi, F., Arts, M., Balabaud, L., Bunger, C., Buchowski, J. M., Chung, C. K., Coppes, M. H., Fehlings, M. G., Kawahara, N., Martin-Benlloch, J. A., Massicotte, E. M., Mazel, C., Meyer, B., Oner, F. C., Peul, W., Quraishi, N., Tokuhashi, Y., Tomita, K., Verlaan, J-J., Wang, M., Crockard, H. A. & Choi, D., 17-Jan-2020, In : Acta Neurochirurgica. 162, 4, p. 943-950 8 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Background The benefits of surgery for symptomatic spinal metastases have been demonstrated, largely based on series of patients undergoing debulking and instrumentation operations. However, as cancer treatments improve and overall survival lengths increase, the incidence of recurrent spinal cord compression after debulking may increase. The aim of the current paper is to document the postoperative evolution of neurological function, pain, and quality of life following debulking and instrumentation in the Global Spine Tumor Study Group (GSTSG) database. Methods The GSTSG database is a prospective multicenter data repository of consecutive patients that underwent surgery for a symptomatic spinal metastasis. For the present analysis, patients were selected from the database that underwent decompressive debulking surgery with instrumentation. Preoperative tumor type, Tomita and Tokuhashi scores, EQ-5D, Frankel, Karnofsky, and postoperative complications, survival, EQ-5D, Frankel, Karnofsky, and pain numeric rating scores (NRS) at 3, 6, 12, and 24 months were analyzed. Results A total of 914 patients underwent decompressive debulking surgery with instrumentation and had documented follow-up until death or until 2 years post surgery. Median preoperative Karnofsky performance index was 70. A total of 656 patients (71.8%) had visceral metastases and 490 (53.6%) had extraspinal bone metastases. Tomita scores were evenly distributed above (49.1%) and below or equal to 5 (50.9%), and Tokuhashi scores almost evenly distributed below or equal to 8 (46.3%) and above 8 (53.7%). Overall, 12-month survival after surgery was 56.3%. The surgery resulted in EQ-5D health status improvement and NRS pain reduction that was maintained throughout follow-up. Frankel scores improved at first follow-up in 25.0% of patients, but by 12 months neurological deterioration was observed in 18.8%. Conclusion We found that palliative debulking and instrumentation surgeries were performed throughout all Tomita and Tokuhashi categories. These surgeries reduced pain scores and improved quality of life up to 2 years after surgery. After initial improvement, a proportion of patients experienced neurological deterioration by 1 year, but the majority of patients remained stable.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 17-Jan-2020|
- Metastasis, Spine, Debulking surgery, Quality of life, Frankel score, EN-BLOC SPONDYLECTOMY, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, CORD COMPRESSION, SURGICAL-MANAGEMENT, SURGERY, SURVIVAL, PREDICTION, CANCER