HLA-A*02 is associated with a reduced risk and HLA-A*01 with an increased risk of developing EBVI Hodgkin lymphomaNiens, M., Jarreft, R. F., Hepkema, B., Nolte, I. M., Diepstra, A., Platteel, M., Kouprie, N., Delury, C. P., Gallagher, A., Visser, L., Poppema, S., te Meerman, G. J. & Van den Berg, A., 1-Nov-2007, In : Blood. 110, 9, p. 3310-3315 6 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Previous studies showed that the HLA class I region is associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and that HLA-A is the most likely candidate gene in this region. This suggests that antigenic presentation of EBV-derived peptides in the context of HLA-A is involved in the pathogenesis of EBV+ HL by precluding efficient immune responses. We genotyped exons 2 and 3, encoding the peptide-binding groove of HLA-A, for 32 single nucleotide polymorphisms in 70 patients with EBV+ HL, 31 patients with EBV- HL, and 59 control participants. HLA-A*O1 was significantly overrepresented and HLA-A*O2 was significantly underrepresented in patients with EBV+ HL versus controls and patients with EBV- HL. In addition, HLA-A*O2 status was determined by immunohistochemistry or HLA-A*O2-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) on 152 patients with EBV+ HL and 322 patients with EBV-HL. The percentage of HLA-A*O2(+) patients in the EBV+ HL group (35.5%) was significantly lower than in 6107 general control participants (53.0%) and the EBV- HL group (50.9%). Our results indicate that individuals carrying the HLA-A*O2 allele have a reduced risk of developing EBV+3 HL, while individuals carrying the HLA-A*O1 allele have an increased risk. It is known that HLA-A*O2 can present EBV-derived peptides and can evoke an effective immune response, which may explain the protective phenotype.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1-Nov-2007|
- EPSTEIN-BARR-VIRUS, MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX, REED-STERNBERG CELLS, HLA-CLASS-I, INFECTED CELLS, DISEASE, PROTEIN, PHENOTYPE, EPITOPES, SEQUENCE