Historical Perspectives and Current Challenges in Cell Microencapsulation

de Vos, P., 2017, Cell Microencapsulation: Methods and Protocols. Opara, E. C. (ed.). Springer, Vol. 1479. p. 3-21 19 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic

The principle of immunoisolation of cells is based on encapsulation of cells in immunoprotective but semipermeable membranes that protect cells from hazardous effects of the host immune system but allows ingress of nutrients and outgress of therapeutic molecules. The technology was introduced in 1933 but has only received its deserved attention for its therapeutic application for three decades now.In the past decade important advances have been made in creating capsules that provoke minimal or no inflammatory responses. There are however new emerging challenges. These challenges relate to optimal nutrition and oxygen supply as well as standardization and documentation of capsule properties.It is concluded that the proof of principle of applicability of encapsulated grafts for treatment of human disease has been demonstrated and merits optimism about its clinical potential. Further innovation requires a much more systematic approach in identifying crucial properties of capsules and cellular grafts to allow sound interpretations of the results.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCell Microencapsulation
Subtitle of host publicationMethods and Protocols
EditorsEmmanuel C. Opara
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-4939-6364-5
ISBN (Print)978-1-4939-6362-1
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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