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High prevalence and clonal dissemination of OXA-72-producing Acinetobacter baumannii in a Chinese hospital: a cross sectional study

Chen, Y., Yang, Y., Liu, L., Qiu, G., Han, X., Tian, S., Zhao, J., Chen, F., Grundmann, H., Li, H., Sun, J. & Han, L., 29-Sep-2018, In : BMC Infectious Diseases. 18, 11 p., 491.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Yong Chen
  • Yuying Yang
  • Lin Liu
  • Guangbin Qiu
  • Xuelin Han
  • Shuguang Tian
  • Jingya Zhao
  • Fangyan Chen
  • Hajo Grundmann
  • Haifeng Li
  • Jinke Sun
  • Li Han

Background: Carbapenem resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii in China was mainly mediated by OXA-23-like carbapenemases, while OXA-24/40-like carbapenemases were rarely identified. OXA-72 is one variant of OXA-24/40-like carbapenemases. This study aimed to demonstrate the epidemiology and characterizations of OXA-72-producing A. baumannii in a Chinese hospital.

Methods: A total of 107 clinical A. calcoaceticus-A. baumannii (Acb) complex isolates were collected in a Chinese hospital during between 2014 and 2016. These isolates were identified using Vitek 2 system and gyrB multiplex PCR. Vitek 2 system was used for antibiotic susceptibility testing. Genes encoding for major classes of carbapenemases were investigated by PCR. Rep-PCR was used for genotyping of all the A. baumannii isolates. The risk factors for carriage of OXA-72-producing or OXA-23-producing A. baumannii were analyzed through univariate and multivariate logistic regression.

Results: Of the 107 Acb isolates collected, 101 isolates (94.4%) and 6 isolates (5.6%) were identified as A. baumannii and A. pittii, respectively. 78 A. baumannii isolates (77.2%) were carbapenem resistant and mainly cultured from intensive care unit (ICU). blaOXA-72 and blaOXA-23 genes were identified in 45(57.7%) and 33(42.3%) carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB), respectively. Multivariate risk factor analyses showed that prior carbapenem usage and nasogastric intubation were significantly associated with carriage of OXA-72-producing A. baumannii or OXA-23-producing A. baumannii. Rep-PCR analysis showed that 9 and 22 Rep-PCR types were assigned to 78 CRAB isolates and 23 carbapenem-susceptible A. baumannii (CSAB) isolates, respectively. A higher diverstiy of Rep-PCR patterns was observed among OXA-72-producing A. baumannii isolates than OXA-23-producing A. baumannii isolates, but all of them belonged to the same clone complex. MLST analysis suggested that the OXA-72 isolates from this study correspond to CC92/CC2 clone complex.

Conclusions: This study demonstrates high prevalence and potential clonal spread of closely related genotypes of OXA-72-producing A. baumannii within a Chinese hospital. Continuous surveillance is necessary to monitor the dissemination of these strains in other healthcare settings to guide infection control policies in order to curb the spread of this bacterium.

Original languageEnglish
Article number491
Number of pages11
JournalBMC Infectious Diseases
Volume18
Publication statusPublished - 29-Sep-2018

    Keywords

  • Acinetobacter baumannii, OXA carbapenemases, Risk factor, Molecular typing, Clone dissemination, D BETA-LACTAMASES, CARBAPENEM-RESISTANT, MULTIPLEX PCR, RISK-FACTORS, ANTIMICROBIAL RESISTANCE, MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY, ANTIBIOTIC-RESISTANCE, TYPING METHODS, SURVEILLANCE, INFECTION

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