Health and nursing problems of elderly patients related to bio-psycho-social need deficiencies and functional assessment

Muszalik, M., Dijkstra, A., Kedziora-Kornatowska, K. & Zielinska-Wieczkowska, H., 2012, In : Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 55, 1, p. 190-194 5 p.

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  • Marta Muszalik
  • Ate Dijkstra
  • Kornelia Kedziora-Kornatowska
  • Halina Zielinska-Wieczkowska

Elderly population is characterized by larger need for social welfare and medical treatment than other age groups. Along with aging, there is a number of emerging health, nursing, caring, psychological and social problems. Complexity of these problems results from overlapping and advancing involutional changes, multi-illness, decreased functional efficiency and other factors. The aim of the study was the assessment of health problems in geriatric patients as well as bio-psycho-social need deficiencies in a view of selected parameters of functional efficiency. The research group consisted of the Chair and Clinic of Geriatrics, 186 women and 114 men, 300 persons in total. The research was carried out using a diagnostic poll method with the application of the Activities of Daily Living (ADL) questionnaire of assessment of daily efficiency on the basis of the Katz Scale; the Care Dependency Scale (CDS) questionnaire used to measure the level of the care dependency and human needs, Norton's bed sores risk assessment scale, the Nursing Care Category (NCC) questionnaire applied to assess the need for nursing care. In most patients the results unveiled manifestations of three or more illnesses. Functional efficiency was at low and average level. Half of the subjects were endangered by risk of bed sores as well as showed high need fulfillment deficiency. The highest level of the deficiency was observed in patients in the eldest age group as well as suffering from multi-illness. Material status, education, place of residence or gender showed no significant influence on the level of need fulfillment. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-194
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Elderly people, Human needs, Functional assessment, Aging process, CARE DEPENDENCY SCALE, VERSION

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