Haploinsufficiency for ANKRD11-flanking genes makes the difference between KBG and 16q24.3 microdeletion syndromes: 12 new cases

Novara, F., Rinaldi, B., Sisodiya, S. M., Coppola, A., Giglio, S., Stanzial, F., Benedicenti, F., Donaldson, A., Andrieux, J., Stapleton, R., Weber, A., Reho, P., van Ravenswaaij-Arts, C., Kerstjens-Frederikse, W. S., Vermeesch, J. R., Devriendt, K., Bacino, C. A., Delahaye, A., Maas, S. M., Iolascon, A. & Zuffardi, O. Jun-2017 In : European Journal of Human Genetics. 25, 6, p. 694-701 8 p.

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle

  • Francesca Novara
  • Berardo Rinaldi
  • Sanjay M. Sisodiya
  • Antonietta Coppola
  • Sabrina Giglio
  • Franco Stanzial
  • Francesco Benedicenti
  • Alan Donaldson
  • Joris Andrieux
  • Rachel Stapleton
  • Astrid Weber
  • Paolo Reho
  • Conny van Ravenswaaij-Arts
  • Wilhelmina S. Kerstjens-Frederikse
  • Joris Robert Vermeesch
  • Koenraad Devriendt
  • Carlos A. Bacino
  • Andree Delahaye
  • S. M. Maas
  • Achille Iolascon
  • Orsetta Zuffardi

16q24 deletion involving the ANKRD11 gene, ranging from 137 kb to 2 Mb, have been associated with a microdeletion syndrome characterized by variable cognitive impairment, autism spectrum disorder, facial dysmorphisms with dental anomalies, brain abnormalities essentially affecting the corpus callosum and short stature. On the other hand, patients carrying either deletions encompassing solely ANKRD11 or its loss-of-function variants were reported in association with the KBG syndrome, characterized by a very similar phenotype, including mild-to-moderate intellectual disability, short stature and macrodontia of upper incisors, with inter and intrafamilial variability. To assess whether the haploinsufficiency of ANKRD11-flanking genes, such as ZFPM1, CDH15 and ZNF778, contributed to either the severity of the neurological impairment or was associated with other clinical features, we collected 12 new cases with a 16q24.2q24.3 deletion (de novo in 11 cases), ranging from 343 kb to 2.3 Mb. In 11 of them, the deletion involved the ANKRD11 gene, whereas in 1 case only flanking genes upstream to it were deleted. By comparing the clinical and genetic features of our patients with those previously reported, we show that the severity of the neurological phenotype and the frequency of congenital heart defects characterize the deletions that, besides ANKRD11, contain ZFPM1, CDH15 and ZNF778 as well. Moreover, the presence of thrombocytopenia and astigmatism should be taken into account to distinguish between 16q24 microdeletion syndrome and KBG syndrome. The single patient not deleted for ANKRD11, whose phenotype is characterized by milder psychomotor delay, cardiac congenital malformation, thrombocytopenia and astigmatism, confirms all this data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)694-701
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun-2017



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