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Growth differentiation factor 15 impairs aortic contractile and relaxing function through altered caveolar signaling of the endothelium

Mazagova, M., Buikema, H., Landheer, S. W., Vavrinec, P., van Buiten, A., Henning, R. H. & Deelman, L. E., Mar-2013, In : American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology. 304, 5, p. H709-H718 10 p.

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Mazagova M, Buikema H, Landheer SW, Vavrinec P, van Buiten A, Henning RH, Deelman LE. Growth differentiation factor 15 impairs aortic contractile and relaxing function through altered caveolar signaling of the endothelium. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 304: H709-H718, 2013. First published December 21, 2012; doi:10.1152/ajpheart.00543.2012.-Growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF15) is an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease, and increased GDF15 levels have been associated with endothelial dysfunction in selected patients. We therefore investigated whether GDF15 modulates endothelial function in aortas of wild-type (WT) and GDF15 knockout (KO) mice. Vascular contractions to phenylephrine and relaxation to ACh were assessed in aortas obtained from healthy WT and GDF15 KO mice. The effects of GDF15 pretreatment and the involvement of ROS or caveolae were determined. Phenylephrine-induced contractions and ACh-mediated relaxations were similar in WT and GDF15 KO mice. Pretreatment with GDF15 inhibited contraction and relaxation in both groups. Inhibition of contraction by GDF15 was absent in denuded vessels or after blockade of nitric oxide (NO) synthase. Relaxation in WT mice was mediated mainly through NO and an unidentified endothelium-derived hyperpolarizin factor (EDHF), whereas GDF15 KO mice mainly used prostaglandins and EDHF. Pretreatment with GDF15 impaired relaxation in WT mice by decreasing NO; in GDF15 KO mice, this was mediated by decreased action of prostaglandins. Disruption of caveolae resulted in a similar inhibition of vascular responses as GDF15. ROS inhibition did not affect vascular function. In cultured endothelial cells, GDF15 pretreatment caused a dissociation between caveolin-1 and endothelial NO synthase. In conclusion, GDF15 impairs aortic contractile and relaxing function through an endothelium-dependent mechanism involving altered caveolar endothelial NO synthase signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H709-H718
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume304
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2013

    Keywords

  • growth differentiation factor 15, aorta, endothelium, mice, caveolae, caveolin-1, MACROPHAGE INHIBITORY CYTOKINE-1, NITRIC-OXIDE, CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE, MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION, BETA SUPERFAMILY, HEART-FAILURE, DB/DB MICE, INJURY, HYPERTENSION, INDUCTION

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