Genotype-phenotype correlations in patients with GRIN2A variants

Vlaskamp, D. R. M., Callenbach, P. M. C., Rump, P., Vos, Y. J., Dijkhuizen, T., Van Ravenswaaij-Arts, C. M. A. & Brouwer, O. F., May-2015, p. S4. 1 p.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperAcademic

Copy link to clipboard


  • Genotype–phenotype correlations in patients with GRIN2A variants

    Final publisher's version, 90 KB, PDF document


Objective: The GRIN2A gene has been associated with both benign childhood epilepsies and severe epileptic encephalopathies. This study evaluates the genotype-phenotype correlations in patients with GRIN2A variants. Methods: A systematic literature search was performed, identifying all patients reported before May 2014 with GRIN2A variants. Patients were classified in two groups based on their GRIN2A genotype. Group I genotypes had an expected detrimental effect on protein expression: nonsense, frameshift, splice site, or initiation codon sequence variants, translocations with breakpoints within GRIN2A, or deletions comprising GRIN2A. Group II genotypes were expected to result in an altered protein structure or function: missense or in-frame sequence variants. Results: Of 136 patients, 74 were included in group I and 62 in group II. Epilepsy was diagnosed in 86% of patients in both groups, with focal seizures being most common (82%). Benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) was significantly more often diagnosed in group II than in group I (51% versus 27%, p=0.03). Continuous spikes and waves during slow-wave sleep (CSWS) and Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) occurred more often in group I than in group II (50% versus 37%), although not statistically significant (p=0.29). Mild to severe developmental problems related to speech and language (80%), cognition (66%), and motor skills (48%), and behavioural problems (61%) were present in both groups. Speech and language problems were significantly more often reported in group I than in group II (90% versus 69%, p=0.02), also in patients with no LKS/CSWS (94% versus 50%, p=0.01). Conclusion: GRIN2A variants are associated with a spectrum of epilepsies, mainly accompanied by language developmental problems. This epilepsy-aphasia syndrome spectrum ranges from relatively mild BECTS to more severe LKS/CSWS. This study shows that GRIN2A genotypes with an expected milder effect on protein function are associated with a relatively more benign phenotype including BECTS without language problems.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - May-2015


  • patient, human, European, neurology, society, genotype phenotype correlation, epilepsy, genotype, language, spike, speech and language, codon, benign childhood epilepsy, protein expression, Landau Kleffner syndrome, slow wave sleep, focal epilepsy, phenotype, cognition, motor performance, protein structure, aphasia, protein function, brain disease, gene

ID: 26516047