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Genetic Susceptibility and Predictors of Paradoxical Reactions in Buruli Ulcer

Barogui, Y. T., Klis, S-A., Johnson, R. C., Phillips, R. O., van der Veer, E., van Diemen, C., van der Werf, T. S. & Stienstra, Y., 20-Apr-2016, In : PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 10, 4, 11 p., e0004594.

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INTRODUCTION: Buruli ulcer (BU) is the third most frequent mycobacterial disease in immunocompetent persons after tuberculosis and leprosy. During the last decade, eight weeks of antimicrobial treatment has become the standard of care. This treatment may be accompanied by transient clinical deterioration, known as paradoxical reaction. We investigate the incidence and the risks factors associated with paradoxical reaction in BU.

METHODS: The lesion size of participants was assessed by careful palpation and recorded by serial acetate sheet tracings. For every time point, surface area was compared with the previous assessment. All patients received antimicrobial treatment for 8 weeks. Serum concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D, the primary indicator of vitamin D status, was determined in duplex for blood samples at baseline by a radioimmunoassay. We genotyped four polymorphisms in the SLC11A1 gene, previously associated with susceptibility to BU. For testing the association of genetic variants with paradoxical responses, we used a binary logistic regression analysis with the occurrence of a paradoxical response as the dependent variable.

RESULTS: Paradoxical reaction occurred in 22% of the patients; the reaction was significantly associated with trunk localization (p = .039 by Χ2), larger lesions (p = .021 by Χ2) and genetic factors. The polymorphisms 3'UTR TGTG ins/ins (OR 7.19, p < .001) had a higher risk for developing paradoxical reaction compared to ins/del or del/del polymorphisms.

CONCLUSIONS: Paradoxical reactions are common in BU. They are associated with trunk localization, larger lesions and polymorphisms in the SLC11A1 gene.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0004594
Number of pages11
JournalPLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Volume10
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 20-Apr-2016

    Keywords

  • VITAMIN-D DEFICIENCY, MYCOBACTERIUM-ULCERANS, ANTIMICROBIAL TREATMENT, ANTIBIOTIC-TREATMENT, CLINICAL-EFFICACY, TUBERCULOSIS, INFECTION, DISEASE, MYCOLACTONE, MANAGEMENT

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