Gall's visit to The Netherlands

Eling, P., Draaisma, D. & Conradi, M., 2011, In : Journal of the History of the Neurosciences. 20, 2, p. 135-150 16 p., 936139464.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

In March 1805, Franz Joseph Gall left Vienna to start what has become known as his cranioscopic tour. He traveled through Germany, Denmark, and The Netherlands. In this article, we will describe his visit to The Netherlands in greater detail, as it has not yet received due attention. Gall was eager to go to Amsterdam because he was interested in the large collection of skulls of Petrus Camper. Gall presented a series of lectures, reports of which can be found in a local newspaper and in a few books, published at that time. We will summarize this material. We will first outline developments in the area of physiognomy, in particular in The Netherlands, and what the Dutch knew about Gall's doctrine prior to his arrival. We will then present a reconstruction of the contents of the lectures. Finally, we will discuss the reception of his ideas in the scientific community.

Original languageEnglish
Article number936139464
Pages (from-to)135-150
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of the History of the Neurosciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • Gall, The Netherlands, localization, 19th century, phrenology

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