Publication

Functional respiratory imaging: Heterogeneity of acute exacerbations of COPD

van Geffen, W. H., Hajian, B., Vos, W., De Backer, J., Cahn, A., Susmani, O., Van Holsbeke, C., Pistolesi, M., Kerstjens, H. A. M. & De Backer, W., 30-May-2018, In : International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. 13, p. 1783-1792 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Background: Exacerbations of COPD are a major burden to patients, and yet little is understood about heterogeneity. It contributes to the current persistent one-size-fits-all treatment. To replace this treatment by more personalized, precision medicine, new insights are required. We assessed the heterogeneity of exacerbations by functional respiratory imaging (FRI) in 3-dimensional models of airways and lungs.

Methods: The trial was designed as a multicenter trial of patients with an acute exacerbation of COPD who were assessed by FRI, pulmonary function tests, and patient-reported outcomes, both in the acute stage and during resolution.

Results: Forty seven patients were assessed. FRI analyses showed significant improvements in hyperinflation (a decrease in total volume at functional residual capacity of -0.25 +/- 0.61 L, p

Conclusion: FRI is a useful tool to get a better insight into exacerbations of COPD, and significant improvements in its indices can be demonstrated from the acute phase to resolution even in relatively small groups. It clearly visualizes the marked variability within and between individuals in ventilation and resistance during exacerbations and is a tool for the assessment of the heterogeneity of COPD exacerbations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1783-1792
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Volume13
Publication statusPublished - 30-May-2018

    Keywords

  • COPD exacerbations, FRI, hyperinflation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, symptoms, heterogeneity, OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY-DISEASE, LUNG-FUNCTION, HYPERINFLATION, DYSPNEA

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