Publication

Frustration-Affirmation? Thwarted Goals Motivate Compliance With Social Norms for Violence and Nonviolence

Leander, N. P., Agostini, M., Stroebe, W., Kreienkamp, J., Spears, R., Kuppens, T., Van Zomeren, M., Otten, S. & Kruglanski, A. W., Aug-2020, In : Journal of personality and social psychology. 119, 2, p. 249-271 23 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Copy link to clipboard

Documents

  • Frustration-Affirmation? Thwarted Goals Motivate Compliance With Social Norms for Violence and Nonviolence

    Final publisher's version, 457 KB, PDF document

    Request copy

DOI

When thwarted goals increase endorsement of violence, it may not always reflect antisocial tendencies or some breakdown of self-regulation per se; such responses can also reflect an active process of self-regulation, whose purpose is to comply with the norms of one's social environment. In the present experiments (total N = 2,145), the causal link between thwarted goals and endorsement of violent means (guns and war) was found to be contingent on perceptions that violence is normatively valued. Experiments 1-3 establish that thwarted goals increase endorsement of violence primarily among U.S. adults of a lower educational background and/or men who endorse a masculine honor culture. Experiment 4 manipulates the perceived normative consensus of college educated Americans, and demonstrates that thwarted goals increase college educated Americans' endorsement of whatever norm is salient: prowar or antiwar. Generalizing the model beyond violent means, Experiment 5 demonstrates that goal-thwarted Europeans report increased willingness to volunteer for refugee support activities if they perceive strong social norms to volunteer. Altogether, these findings support a frustration-affirmaiion model rather than frustration-aggression, whereby thwarted goals increase compliance with perceived norms for behavior, which can increase endorsement of violent means such as guns and war. but also nonviolent charitable actions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-271
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Volume119
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2020

    Keywords

  • thwarted goals, group norms, guns, violence, social cognition, RACIAL-DISCRIMINATION, DISPLACED AGGRESSION, SELF-AFFIRMATION, PSYCHOLOGY, PURSUIT, THREAT, PERCEPTIONS, PERSONALITY, ACTIVATION, EDUCATION

ID: 130939362