Frustration-Affirmation? Thwarted Goals Motivate Compliance With Social Norms for Violence and NonviolenceLeander, N. P., Agostini, M., Stroebe, W., Kreienkamp, J., Spears, R., Kuppens, T., Van Zomeren, M., Otten, S. & Kruglanski, A. W., Aug-2020, In : Journal of personality and social psychology. 119, 2, p. 249-271 23 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
When thwarted goals increase endorsement of violence, it may not always reflect antisocial tendencies or some breakdown of self-regulation per se; such responses can also reflect an active process of self-regulation, whose purpose is to comply with the norms of one's social environment. In the present experiments (total N = 2,145), the causal link between thwarted goals and endorsement of violent means (guns and war) was found to be contingent on perceptions that violence is normatively valued. Experiments 1-3 establish that thwarted goals increase endorsement of violence primarily among U.S. adults of a lower educational background and/or men who endorse a masculine honor culture. Experiment 4 manipulates the perceived normative consensus of college educated Americans, and demonstrates that thwarted goals increase college educated Americans' endorsement of whatever norm is salient: prowar or antiwar. Generalizing the model beyond violent means, Experiment 5 demonstrates that goal-thwarted Europeans report increased willingness to volunteer for refugee support activities if they perceive strong social norms to volunteer. Altogether, these findings support a frustration-affirmaiion model rather than frustration-aggression, whereby thwarted goals increase compliance with perceived norms for behavior, which can increase endorsement of violent means such as guns and war. but also nonviolent charitable actions.
|Number of pages||23|
|Journal||Journal of personality and social psychology|
|Publication status||Published - Aug-2020|
- thwarted goals, group norms, guns, violence, social cognition, RACIAL-DISCRIMINATION, DISPLACED AGGRESSION, SELF-AFFIRMATION, PSYCHOLOGY, PURSUIT, THREAT, PERCEPTIONS, PERSONALITY, ACTIVATION, EDUCATION