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Fronto-central theta oscillations are related to oscillations in saccadic response times (SRT): An EEG and behavioral data analysis

Diederich, A., Schomburg, A. & Van Vugt, M., 18-Nov-2014, In : PLoS ONE. 9, 11, 13 p., e112974.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

The phase reset hypothesis states that the phase of an ongoing neural oscillation, reflecting periodic fluctuations in neural activity between states of high and low excitability, can be shifted by the occurrence of a sensory stimulus so that the phase value become highly constant across trials (Schroeder et al., 2008). From EEG/MEG studies it has been hypothesized that coupled oscillatory activity in primary sensory cortices regulates multi sensory processing (Senkowski et al. 2008). We follow up on a study in which evidence of phase reset was found using a purely behavioral paradigm by including also EEG measures. In this paradigm, presentation of an auditory accessory stimulus was followed by a visual target with a stimulusonset asynchrony (SOA) across a range from 0 to 404 ms in steps of 4 ms. This fine-grained stimulus presentation allowed us to do a spectral analysis on the mean SRT as a function of the SOA, which revealed distinct peak spectral components within a frequency range of 6 to 11 Hz with a modus of 7 Hz. The EEG analysis showed that the auditory stimulus caused a phase reset in 7-Hz brain oscillations in a widespread set of channels. Moreover, there was a significant difference in the average phase at which the visual target stimulus appeared between slow and fast SRT trials. This effect was evident in three different analyses, and occurred primarily in frontal and central electrodes.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere112974
Number of pages13
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume9
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 18-Nov-2014

    Keywords

  • EEG, oscillations, INTERSENSORY FACILITATION

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