Publication

Friends or foes? How activists and nonactivists perceive and evaluate each other

Kutlaca, M., van Zomeren, M. & Epstude, K., 7-Apr-2020, In : PLOS-One. 15, 4, 19 p., 0230918.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Kutlaca, M., van Zomeren, M., & Epstude, K. (2020). Friends or foes? How activists and nonactivists perceive and evaluate each other. PLOS-One, 15(4), [0230918]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0230918

Author

Kutlaca, Maja ; van Zomeren, Martijn ; Epstude, Kai. / Friends or foes? How activists and nonactivists perceive and evaluate each other. In: PLOS-One. 2020 ; Vol. 15, No. 4.

Harvard

Kutlaca, M, van Zomeren, M & Epstude, K 2020, 'Friends or foes? How activists and nonactivists perceive and evaluate each other', PLOS-One, vol. 15, no. 4, 0230918. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0230918

Standard

Friends or foes? How activists and nonactivists perceive and evaluate each other. / Kutlaca, Maja; van Zomeren, Martijn; Epstude, Kai.

In: PLOS-One, Vol. 15, No. 4, 0230918, 07.04.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Kutlaca M, van Zomeren M, Epstude K. Friends or foes? How activists and nonactivists perceive and evaluate each other. PLOS-One. 2020 Apr 7;15(4). 0230918. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0230918


BibTeX

@article{b399a3b5c88f41d289e86709268f0d40,
title = "Friends or foes? How activists and nonactivists perceive and evaluate each other",
abstract = "Little is known about how activists and non-activists perceive and evaluate each other. This is important because activists often depend on societal support to achieve their goals. We examined these perceptions and evaluations in three field experiments set in different contexts, i.e., student protests in the Netherlands 2014/2015 (Study 1, activist sample N = 190; Study 2, non-activist sample N = 145), and environmental protests in Paris in 2015 (Study 3, activist sample N = 112). Through a scenario method, we manipulated the motivations expressed for (in)action by a member of the other group (i.e., an activist or non-activist) and measured individuals' perceptions and evaluations. Findings showed that activists perceived a non-activist as selfish and felt personally distant to them, especially when a nonactivist dismissed moral obligation for action (Study 1 and 3). By contrast, non-activists had a rather positive view of activists, especially in response to an activist communicating collective concerns for action (Study 2). Study 4 (N = 103) further supported this pattern of findings by showing that activists perceived larger intergroup differences than non-activists. We conclude that mutual perceptions and evaluations of activists and non-activists are asymmetrical, which may have (negative) consequences for mobilization for social change.",
keywords = "COLLECTIVE ACTION, SELF-CATEGORIZATION, SOLIDARITY, IDENTITY, PARTICIPATION, NORMS, MODEL, MOTIVATIONS, PROTEST, MEMBERS",
author = "Maja Kutlaca and {van Zomeren}, Martijn and Kai Epstude",
year = "2020",
month = apr,
day = "7",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0230918",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
journal = "PLOS-One",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Friends or foes? How activists and nonactivists perceive and evaluate each other

AU - Kutlaca, Maja

AU - van Zomeren, Martijn

AU - Epstude, Kai

PY - 2020/4/7

Y1 - 2020/4/7

N2 - Little is known about how activists and non-activists perceive and evaluate each other. This is important because activists often depend on societal support to achieve their goals. We examined these perceptions and evaluations in three field experiments set in different contexts, i.e., student protests in the Netherlands 2014/2015 (Study 1, activist sample N = 190; Study 2, non-activist sample N = 145), and environmental protests in Paris in 2015 (Study 3, activist sample N = 112). Through a scenario method, we manipulated the motivations expressed for (in)action by a member of the other group (i.e., an activist or non-activist) and measured individuals' perceptions and evaluations. Findings showed that activists perceived a non-activist as selfish and felt personally distant to them, especially when a nonactivist dismissed moral obligation for action (Study 1 and 3). By contrast, non-activists had a rather positive view of activists, especially in response to an activist communicating collective concerns for action (Study 2). Study 4 (N = 103) further supported this pattern of findings by showing that activists perceived larger intergroup differences than non-activists. We conclude that mutual perceptions and evaluations of activists and non-activists are asymmetrical, which may have (negative) consequences for mobilization for social change.

AB - Little is known about how activists and non-activists perceive and evaluate each other. This is important because activists often depend on societal support to achieve their goals. We examined these perceptions and evaluations in three field experiments set in different contexts, i.e., student protests in the Netherlands 2014/2015 (Study 1, activist sample N = 190; Study 2, non-activist sample N = 145), and environmental protests in Paris in 2015 (Study 3, activist sample N = 112). Through a scenario method, we manipulated the motivations expressed for (in)action by a member of the other group (i.e., an activist or non-activist) and measured individuals' perceptions and evaluations. Findings showed that activists perceived a non-activist as selfish and felt personally distant to them, especially when a nonactivist dismissed moral obligation for action (Study 1 and 3). By contrast, non-activists had a rather positive view of activists, especially in response to an activist communicating collective concerns for action (Study 2). Study 4 (N = 103) further supported this pattern of findings by showing that activists perceived larger intergroup differences than non-activists. We conclude that mutual perceptions and evaluations of activists and non-activists are asymmetrical, which may have (negative) consequences for mobilization for social change.

KW - COLLECTIVE ACTION

KW - SELF-CATEGORIZATION

KW - SOLIDARITY

KW - IDENTITY

KW - PARTICIPATION

KW - NORMS

KW - MODEL

KW - MOTIVATIONS

KW - PROTEST

KW - MEMBERS

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0230918

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0230918

M3 - Article

VL - 15

JO - PLOS-One

JF - PLOS-One

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 4

M1 - 0230918

ER -

ID: 121838637