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Four-YearFollow-upof [F-18]Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography-Based Parkinson's Disease-Related Pattern Expression in 20 Patients With Isolated Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder Shows Prodromal Progression

Kogan, R. V., Janzen, A. H. O., Meles, S. K., Sittig, E., Renken, R., Gurvits, V., Mayer, G., Leenders, K. L. & Oertel, W. H., 10-Sep-2020, In : Movement Disorders. 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Background: Isolated rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder is known to be prodromal for alpha-synucleinopathies, such as Parkinson's disease (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies. The [F-18]fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (PET)-based PD-related brain pattern can be used to monitor disease progression.

Objective: We longitudinally investigated PD-related brain pattern expression changes in 20 subjects with isolated rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder to investigate whether this may be a suitable technique to study prodromal PD progression in these patients and to identify potential phenoconverters.

Methods: Subjects underwent two [F-18]fluorodeoxyglucose-PET brain scans similar to 3.7 years apart, along with baseline and repeated motor, cognitive, and olfactory testing within roughly the same time frame.

Results: At baseline, 8 of 20 (40%) subjects significantly expressed the PD-related brain pattern (withzscores above the receiver operating characteristic-determined threshold). At follow-up, six additional subjects exhibited significant PD-related brain pattern expression (70% in total). PD-related brain pattern expression increased in all subjects (P=0.00008). Four subjects (20%), all with significant baseline PD-related brain pattern expression, phenoconverted to clinical PD.

Conclusions: Suprathreshold PD-related brain pattern expression and greater score rate of change may signify greater shorter-term risk for phenoconversion. Our results support the use of serial PD-related brain pattern expression measurements as a prodromal PD progression biomarker in patients with isolated rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder. (c) 2020 The Authors.Movement Disorderspublished by Wiley Periodicals LLC. on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalMovement Disorders
Publication statusPublished - 10-Sep-2020

    Keywords

  • [18F]FDG‐PET, rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder, Parkinson's disease–related pattern, neuroimaging, prodromal progression biomarker

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