Publication

First test of Verlinde's theory of emergent gravity using weak gravitational lensing measurements

Brouwer, M. M., Visser, M. R., Dvornik, A., Hoekstra, H., Kuijken, K., Valentijn, E. A., Bilicki, M., Blake, C., Brough, S., Buddelmeijer, H., Erben, T., Heymans, C., Hildebrandt, H., Holwerda, B. W., Hopkins, A. M., Klaes, D., Liske, J., Loveday, J., McFarland, J., Nakajima, R., Sifón, C. & Taylor, E. N., 6-Dec-2016, In : Monthly Notice of the Royal Astronomical Society. 466, 3, p. 2547–2559 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Brouwer, M. M., Visser, M. R., Dvornik, A., Hoekstra, H., Kuijken, K., Valentijn, E. A., ... Taylor, E. N. (2016). First test of Verlinde's theory of emergent gravity using weak gravitational lensing measurements. Monthly Notice of the Royal Astronomical Society, 466(3), 2547–2559. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw3192

Author

Brouwer, Margot M. ; Visser, Manus R. ; Dvornik, Andrej ; Hoekstra, Henk ; Kuijken, Konrad ; Valentijn, Edwin A. ; Bilicki, Maciej ; Blake, Chris ; Brough, Sarah ; Buddelmeijer, Hugo ; Erben, Thomas ; Heymans, Catherine ; Hildebrandt, Hendrik ; Holwerda, Benne W. ; Hopkins, Andrew M. ; Klaes, Dominik ; Liske, Jochen ; Loveday, Jon ; McFarland, John ; Nakajima, Reiko ; Sifón, Cristóbal ; Taylor, Edward N. / First test of Verlinde's theory of emergent gravity using weak gravitational lensing measurements. In: Monthly Notice of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2016 ; Vol. 466, No. 3. pp. 2547–2559.

Harvard

Brouwer, MM, Visser, MR, Dvornik, A, Hoekstra, H, Kuijken, K, Valentijn, EA, Bilicki, M, Blake, C, Brough, S, Buddelmeijer, H, Erben, T, Heymans, C, Hildebrandt, H, Holwerda, BW, Hopkins, AM, Klaes, D, Liske, J, Loveday, J, McFarland, J, Nakajima, R, Sifón, C & Taylor, EN 2016, 'First test of Verlinde's theory of emergent gravity using weak gravitational lensing measurements', Monthly Notice of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 466, no. 3, pp. 2547–2559. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw3192

Standard

First test of Verlinde's theory of emergent gravity using weak gravitational lensing measurements. / Brouwer, Margot M.; Visser, Manus R.; Dvornik, Andrej; Hoekstra, Henk; Kuijken, Konrad; Valentijn, Edwin A.; Bilicki, Maciej; Blake, Chris; Brough, Sarah; Buddelmeijer, Hugo; Erben, Thomas; Heymans, Catherine; Hildebrandt, Hendrik; Holwerda, Benne W.; Hopkins, Andrew M.; Klaes, Dominik; Liske, Jochen; Loveday, Jon; McFarland, John; Nakajima, Reiko; Sifón, Cristóbal; Taylor, Edward N.

In: Monthly Notice of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 466, No. 3, 06.12.2016, p. 2547–2559.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Brouwer MM, Visser MR, Dvornik A, Hoekstra H, Kuijken K, Valentijn EA et al. First test of Verlinde's theory of emergent gravity using weak gravitational lensing measurements. Monthly Notice of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2016 Dec 6;466(3):2547–2559. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw3192


BibTeX

@article{a517ad743dd14178be8123f4377865d6,
title = "First test of Verlinde's theory of emergent gravity using weak gravitational lensing measurements",
abstract = "Verlinde proposed that the observed excess gravity in galaxies and clusters is the consequence of emergent gravity (EG). In this theory, the standard gravitational laws are modified on galactic and larger scales due to the displacement of dark energy by baryonic matter. EG gives an estimate of the excess gravity (described as an apparent dark matter density) in terms of the baryonic mass distribution and the Hubble parameter. In this work, we present the first test of EG using weak gravitational lensing, within the regime of validity of the current model. Although there is no direct description of lensing and cosmology in EG yet, we can make a reasonable estimate of the expected lensing signal of low-redshift galaxies by assuming a background Lambda cold dark matter cosmology. We measure the (apparent) average surface mass density profiles of 33 613 isolated central galaxies and compare them to those predicted by EG based on the galaxies' baryonic masses. To this end, we employ the ̃180 deg2 overlap of the Kilo-Degree Survey with the spectroscopic Galaxy And Mass Assembly survey. We find that the prediction from EG, despite requiring no free parameters, is in good agreement with the observed galaxy-galaxy lensing profiles in four different stellar mass bins. Although this performance is remarkable, this study is only a first step. Further advancements on both the theoretical framework and observational tests of EG are needed before it can be considered a fully developed and solidly tested theory.",
keywords = "astro-ph.CO, hep-th",
author = "Brouwer, {Margot M.} and Visser, {Manus R.} and Andrej Dvornik and Henk Hoekstra and Konrad Kuijken and Valentijn, {Edwin A.} and Maciej Bilicki and Chris Blake and Sarah Brough and Hugo Buddelmeijer and Thomas Erben and Catherine Heymans and Hendrik Hildebrandt and Holwerda, {Benne W.} and Hopkins, {Andrew M.} and Dominik Klaes and Jochen Liske and Jon Loveday and John McFarland and Reiko Nakajima and Crist{\'o}bal Sif{\'o}n and Taylor, {Edward N.}",
note = "14 pages, 3 figures. Accepted for publication in MNRAS",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "6",
doi = "10.1093/mnras/stw3192",
language = "English",
volume = "466",
pages = "2547–2559",
journal = "Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society",
issn = "0035-8711",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - First test of Verlinde's theory of emergent gravity using weak gravitational lensing measurements

AU - Brouwer, Margot M.

AU - Visser, Manus R.

AU - Dvornik, Andrej

AU - Hoekstra, Henk

AU - Kuijken, Konrad

AU - Valentijn, Edwin A.

AU - Bilicki, Maciej

AU - Blake, Chris

AU - Brough, Sarah

AU - Buddelmeijer, Hugo

AU - Erben, Thomas

AU - Heymans, Catherine

AU - Hildebrandt, Hendrik

AU - Holwerda, Benne W.

AU - Hopkins, Andrew M.

AU - Klaes, Dominik

AU - Liske, Jochen

AU - Loveday, Jon

AU - McFarland, John

AU - Nakajima, Reiko

AU - Sifón, Cristóbal

AU - Taylor, Edward N.

N1 - 14 pages, 3 figures. Accepted for publication in MNRAS

PY - 2016/12/6

Y1 - 2016/12/6

N2 - Verlinde proposed that the observed excess gravity in galaxies and clusters is the consequence of emergent gravity (EG). In this theory, the standard gravitational laws are modified on galactic and larger scales due to the displacement of dark energy by baryonic matter. EG gives an estimate of the excess gravity (described as an apparent dark matter density) in terms of the baryonic mass distribution and the Hubble parameter. In this work, we present the first test of EG using weak gravitational lensing, within the regime of validity of the current model. Although there is no direct description of lensing and cosmology in EG yet, we can make a reasonable estimate of the expected lensing signal of low-redshift galaxies by assuming a background Lambda cold dark matter cosmology. We measure the (apparent) average surface mass density profiles of 33 613 isolated central galaxies and compare them to those predicted by EG based on the galaxies' baryonic masses. To this end, we employ the ̃180 deg2 overlap of the Kilo-Degree Survey with the spectroscopic Galaxy And Mass Assembly survey. We find that the prediction from EG, despite requiring no free parameters, is in good agreement with the observed galaxy-galaxy lensing profiles in four different stellar mass bins. Although this performance is remarkable, this study is only a first step. Further advancements on both the theoretical framework and observational tests of EG are needed before it can be considered a fully developed and solidly tested theory.

AB - Verlinde proposed that the observed excess gravity in galaxies and clusters is the consequence of emergent gravity (EG). In this theory, the standard gravitational laws are modified on galactic and larger scales due to the displacement of dark energy by baryonic matter. EG gives an estimate of the excess gravity (described as an apparent dark matter density) in terms of the baryonic mass distribution and the Hubble parameter. In this work, we present the first test of EG using weak gravitational lensing, within the regime of validity of the current model. Although there is no direct description of lensing and cosmology in EG yet, we can make a reasonable estimate of the expected lensing signal of low-redshift galaxies by assuming a background Lambda cold dark matter cosmology. We measure the (apparent) average surface mass density profiles of 33 613 isolated central galaxies and compare them to those predicted by EG based on the galaxies' baryonic masses. To this end, we employ the ̃180 deg2 overlap of the Kilo-Degree Survey with the spectroscopic Galaxy And Mass Assembly survey. We find that the prediction from EG, despite requiring no free parameters, is in good agreement with the observed galaxy-galaxy lensing profiles in four different stellar mass bins. Although this performance is remarkable, this study is only a first step. Further advancements on both the theoretical framework and observational tests of EG are needed before it can be considered a fully developed and solidly tested theory.

KW - astro-ph.CO

KW - hep-th

U2 - 10.1093/mnras/stw3192

DO - 10.1093/mnras/stw3192

M3 - Article

VL - 466

SP - 2547

EP - 2559

JO - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

JF - Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society

SN - 0035-8711

IS - 3

ER -

ID: 37891801