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Feeding habits of the franciscana dolphin (Pontoporia blainvillei) in south-eastern Brazil

Campos, L. B., Moreira Lopes, X., da Silva, E. & de Oliveira Santos, M. C., Mar-2020, In : Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 100, 2, p. 301-313 13 p.

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  • Feeding habits of the franciscana dolphin (Pontoporia blainvillei) in south-eastern Brazil

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This study evaluated the feeding habits of the franciscana dolphin (Pontoporia blainvillei) in south-eastern Brazil. Stomach contents were collected from a total of 145 dead specimens found incidentally caught by fishing vessels or stranded between 2005 and 2015. Fish otoliths, cephalopod beaks and whole non-digested prey were used for prey species identification. A total of 9337 prey items were identified, including 26 species of teleost fishes and three species of cephalopods. The most important prey families were Sciaenidae among fish and Loliginidae among cephalopods. Franciscana dolphins tended to feed on small fish (mean = 5.25 cm) and cephalopods (mean = 8.57 cm). The index of relative importance (IRI) showed that Pellona harroweri and Doryteuthis plei were the most important prey for both males and females. The PERMANOVA test confirmed that there is no significant difference between the feeding habits of different sexes, but detected a significant difference among seasons. Overall, our results show that franciscana dolphins are predominantly ichthyophagous and non-selective in relation to the type of prey, feeding on pelagic, demersal and pelagic-demersal prey.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-313
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom
Volume100
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2020

    Keywords

  • Feeding habit, Pontoporia blainvillei, South-western Atlantic, stomach content analysis, CLUPEIFORMES OSTEICHTHYES, STOMACH CONTENTS, STABLE-ISOTOPE, FISH OTOLITHS, PARANA STATE, FATTY-ACID, COAST, DIET, SOUTHEASTERN, WHALES

ID: 133218777