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FACTORS DETERMINING PROLONGATION OF RAT-HEART ALLOGRAFT SURVIVAL BY PERIOPERATIVE INJECTION OF DONOR SPLEEN-CELLS

WESTRA, AL., PETERSEN, AH., WILDEVUUR, CRH. & PROP, J., Oct-1991, In : Transplantation. 52, 4, p. 606-610 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Previously, we have shown that a perioperative injection of donor mononuclear cells in combination with cyclosporine treatment on day 2 after transplantation prolongs heart allograft survival in rats. In this study we determined whether the efficacy of this treatment was influenced by the same factors that have been shown to affect the efficacy of preoperative administration of donor cells. The effect of the following factors were investigated: dosage and repetition of the donor cell injection, viability of the donor cells, immunosuppressive drugs other than cyclosporine, and the rat strain combination. We found that there was an optimal dosage of donor cells; dosages of 4 x 10(7) or 1 x 10(8) cells gave the best heart graft survival. Repetition of the donor cell injection was not useful. Reducing viability of the cells by irradiation did not abrogate the prolonged graft survival, whereas killing of the cells did. Methylprednisolone, azathioprine, or cyclophosphamide in combination with the perioperative donor cell injection did not prolong heart graft survival in comparison with treatment with the drug only. The efficacy of this treatment was also influenced by the rat strain combination. In some combinations, this treatment prolonged graft survival, whereas in others an effect was absent or undetectable. Importantly, this treatment never adversely affected graft survival.

We conclude that the efficacy of this treatment is influenced by similar factors as found for preoperative treatment with donor cells. A major advantage of this treatment over preoperative blood transfusions is that it avoids sensitization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)606-610
Number of pages5
JournalTransplantation
Volume52
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct-1991

    Keywords

  • SUPPRESSOR T-CELLS, CLASS-I ANTIGENS, BLOOD-TRANSFUSION, CARDIAC ALLOGRAFT, CYCLOSPORINE, TRANSPLANTATION, REJECTION, INDUCTION, CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE, RECIPIENTS

ID: 6297443