Factors associated with foreign language anxiety: A study of Chinese university learners of Japanese and English

Jin, Y., de Bot, K. & Keijzer, M., 2015, In : Dutch Journal of Applied Linguistics. 4, 1, p. 66-84 19 p.

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  • Factors associated with foreign language anxiety

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This paper reports a study that investigates and compares the effects of foreign language proficiency, social status of a learner’s family, self-esteem, and competitiveness on FL anxiety. Chinese university students (N = 146), who were learning Japanese and English, participated in this study. Social status data were collected once with the Social Status Scale. Other variables were measured twice over a two-month interval, using the Competitiveness Index, the Self-esteem Scale, the English/Japanese Classroom Anxiety Scale, and the English/Japanese Proficiency Scale. Results showed that foreign language proficiency, competitiveness, and self-esteem all significantly predicted foreign language anxiety levels. Foreign language proficiency was the best predictor, followed by self-esteem, then competitiveness. A negative relationship was revealed between these predictor variables and foreign language anxiety. Social status was not related to foreign language anxiety, either directly or indirectly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)66-84
Number of pages19
JournalDutch Journal of Applied Linguistics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • social status, competitiveness, foreign language anxiety, foreign language proficiency, self-esteem, CLASSROOM ANXIETY, COMPETITIVENESS INDEX, INDIVIDUALISM, COLLECTIVISM, RELIABILITY, PERFORMANCE, STUDENTS, SCALE

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