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F-18-FDG PET/CT in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease Patients with Suspected Cyst Infection

Pijl, J. P., Glaudemans, A. W. J. M., Slart, R. H. J. A. & Kwee, T. C., 1-Nov-2018, In : Journal of Nuclear Medicine. 59, 11, p. 1734-1741 8 p.

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  • 18F-FDG PET-CT in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease Patients with Suspected Cyst Infection

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DOI

The objective of this study was to determine the value of F-18-FDG PET/CT for diagnosing renal or hepatic cyst infection in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Methods: This retrospective, single-center study included all patients who had ADPKD and underwent F-18-FDG PET/CT because of suspected cyst infection between 2010 and 2017. Results: Thirty F-18-FDG PET/CT scans of 30 individual patients were included; 19 of them had positive results for cyst infection. According to a previously established clinical and biochemical reference standard, F-18-FDG PET/CT achieved a sensitivity of 88.9%, a specificity of 75.0%, a positive predictive value of 84.2%, and a negative predictive value of 81.8% for the diagnosis of cyst infection. In=cases, F-18-FDG PET/CT suggested that the symptoms could be explained by a different pathologic process, including pneumonia (n=1), generalized peritonitis (n=1), pancreatitis (n=1), colitis (n=1), and cholangitis (n=1). The total duration of the hospital stay and the duration between the F-18-FDG PET/CT scan and hospital discharge for patients with F-18-FDG PET/CT scan results that were positive for cyst infection were significantly longer than those for patients with negative scan results (P=0.005 and P=0.009, respectively). Creatinine levels were significantly higher in patients with F-18-FDG PET/CT scan results that were positive for cyst infection than in patients with negative scan results (P=0.015). Other comparisons of clinical parameters (age, sex, presence of fever [. 38.5 degrees C] for more than 3 d, abdominal pain, history of solid-organ transplantation and nephrectomy, and immune status), laboratory values (C-reactive protein level, leukocyte count, and estimated glomerular filtration rate), and microbiologic test results (blood and urine cultures) were not significantly different (P=0.13-1.00) in patients with positive and negative F-18-FDG PET/CT scan results. Conclusion: F-18-FDG PET/CT is a useful imaging modality for the evaluation of patients with ADPKD and suspected cyst infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1734-1741
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
Volume59
Issue number11
Early online date13-Apr-2018
Publication statusPublished - 1-Nov-2018

    Keywords

  • infectious disease, PET/CT, kidney, ADPKD, cyst, infection, FDG-PET/CT, COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY, DIAGNOSIS, INFLAMMATION, TUMOR

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