Exploring attitude and test-driven motivation towards English at Chinese universities

Hou, J., Loerts, H. & Verspoor, M. 2018 In : International Journal of Language Studies. 12, 1, p. 37-60 24 p.

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  • exploring attitude and test-driven motivation

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Chinese university students have to take English courses to pass the
CET-4 and 6 to benefit their academic and employment careers, but
they have been heard to complain that studying English at university is
a waste of time. The goal of this study is to explore whether they really
feel they do not improve in English, whether only the tests motivate
them, and what factors influence their perceived improvement. To
answer these questions, a questionnaire was filled out by 418
participants from a prestigious science and technology university. The
findings are that most students pass the CET-4, but the CET-6 is much
more challenging. Despite spending a great number of hours on English,
more than 60% believe they do not improve in English. A subsequent
regression analysis showed that the best predictors of perceived
improvement are a positive attitude, the amount of time and effort
spent on learning English, previous academic test scores and out-ofclass
English exposure. The best predictors of test-driven motivation
are social pressure, the number of times the CET-4 and CET-6 were
taken, time and effort and appreciation of formal instruction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-60
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal of Language Studies
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2018

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