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Executive Functions in Older Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder: Objective Performance and Subjective Complaints

Davids, R. C. D., Groen, Y., Berg, I. J., Tucha, O. M. & van Balkom, I. D. C., Sep-2016, In : Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. 46, 9, p. 2859-2873 15 p.

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  • Executive Functions in Older Adults With Autism Spectrum Disorder

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DOI

Although deficits in Executive Functioning (EF) are reported frequently in young individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), they remain relatively unexplored later in life (> 50 years). We studied objective performance on EF measures (Tower of London, Zoo map, phonetic/semantic fluency) as well as subjective complaints (self- and proxy reported BRIEF) in 36 ASD and 36 typically developed individuals (n = 72). High functioning older adults with ASD reported EF-impairments in metacognition, but did not deviate in EF task performance, except for a longer execution time of the Tower of London. The need for additional time to complete daily tasks may contribute to impairments in daily life and may be correlated to a higher level of experienced EF-difficulties in ASD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2859-2873
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume46
Issue number9
Early online date8-Jun-2016
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2016

    Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder, Neuropsychological assessment, Cognition, Executive function, Processing speed, Aging, DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, SOCIAL RESPONSIVENESS SCALE, MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER, MULTIPLE CASE SERIES, ASPERGER-SYNDROME, PROCESSING SPEED, REAL-WORLD, INSTRUMENTAL ACTIVITIES, COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT, CENTRAL COHERENCE

ID: 32917879