Excellent adherence and no contamination by physiotherapists involved in a randomized controlled trial on reactivation of COPD patients: a qualitative process evaluation study

Effing, T. W., Krabbenbos, M., Pieterse, M. E., van der Valk, P. D. L. P. M., Zielhuis, G. A., Kerstjens, H. A. M. & van der Palen, J., 2012, In : International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. 7, p. 337-344 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Objective: To assess the adherence of physiotherapists to the study protocol and the occurrence of contamination bias during the course of a randomized controlled trial with a recruitment period of 2 years and a 1-year follow-up (COPE-II study).

Study design and setting: In the COPE-II study, intervention patients received a standardized physiotherapeutic reactivation intervention (COPE-active) and control patients received usual care. The latter could include regular physiotherapy treatment. Information about the adherence of physiotherapists with the study protocol was collected by performing a single interview with both intervention and control patients. Patients were only interviewed when they were currently receiving physiotherapy. Interviews were performed during two separate time periods, 10 months apart. Nine characteristics of the COPE-active intervention were scored. Scores were converted into percentages (0%, no aspects of COPE-active; 100%, full implementation of COPE-active).

Results: Fifty-one patients were interviewed (first period: intervention n = 14 and control n = 10; second period: intervention n = 18 and control n = 9). Adherence with the COPE-active protocol was high (median scores: period 1, 96.8%; period 2, 92.1%), and large contrasts in scores between the intervention and control group were found (period 1: 96.8% versus 22.7%; period 2: 92.1% versus 25.0%). The scores of patients treated by seven physiotherapists who trained patients of both study groups were similar to the scores of patients treated by physiotherapists who only trained patients of one study group.

Conclusion: The adherence of physiotherapists with the COPE-active protocol was high, remained unchanged over time, and no obvious contamination bias occurred.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)337-344
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • physiotherapy, guideline adherence, compliance, bias, randomized controlled trial, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY-DISEASE, CLUSTER RANDOMIZATION, ANKLE INJURY, GUIDELINES, REHABILITATION, MANAGEMENT, INTERVENTION, FIDELITY, STRATEGY, BIAS

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