Every dark cloud has a colored lining: The relation between positive and negative affect and reactivity to positive and negative events

Bennik, E., 2015, [Groningen]: University of Groningen. 233 p.

Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)

Copy link to clipboard


  • Title_and_contents

    Final publisher's version, 1.93 MB, PDF document

  • Chapter_1

    Final publisher's version, 3.25 MB, PDF document

  • Chapter_2

    Final publisher's version, 3 MB, PDF document

  • Chapter_3

    Final publisher's version, 2.9 MB, PDF document

  • Chapter_4

    Final publisher's version, 3.01 MB, PDF document

  • Chapter_5

    Final publisher's version, 3.01 MB, PDF document

  • Chapter_6

    Final publisher's version, 3.07 MB, PDF document

  • Chapter_7

    Final publisher's version, 2.94 MB, PDF document

  • Chapter_8

    Final publisher's version, 2.93 MB, PDF document

  • Appendices

    Final publisher's version, 4.38 MB, PDF document

  • Complete_thesis

    Final publisher's version, 6.09 MB, PDF document

  • Propositions

    Final publisher's version, 80.3 KB, PDF document

This dissertation focused on two topics: (1) the relation between positive and negative affect, and (2) the relation between neuroticism, extraversion and depressive symptoms on the one hand, and affective reactivity to positive and negative events on the other hand.
These topics were investigated using the TRacking Adolescents’ Individual Lives Survey (TRAILS), in which more than 2000 adolescents were followed from age 11 to age 23. In addition, we used two studies in which early adolescents and students were asked about experienced events and affect 5 to 9 times a day in their daily life.
We found that depressed mood and anhedonia (lack of pleasure) predicted each other across time. High scores on neuroticism or depressive symptoms and low scores on extraversion were not associated with decreased positive affect reactivity to positive events at the same moment, nor with decreased reactivity at a subsequent time point. We found tentative evidence that the effects of positive events on positive affect were slightly larger for individuals higher in depressive symptoms. These results concern minor events in daily life. Major positive events have the potential to exert a beneficial effect on mood, yet only when the total amount of events is limited.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
Award date19-Oct-2015
Place of Publication[Groningen]
Print ISBNs978-90-367-8158-9
Electronic ISBNs978-90-367-8157-2
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Download statistics

No data available

ID: 24107861