Publication

Evaluation of six methylation markers derived from genome-wide screens for detection of cervical precancer and cancer

Dick, S., Verhoef, L., De Strooper, L. M., Ciocănea-Teodorescu, I., Wisman, G. B. A., Meijer, C. J., Bleeker, M. C., Steenbergen, R. D. & Heideman, D. A., 17-Sep-2020, In : Epigenomics. 12, 18, p. 1569-1578 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Stèfanie Dick
  • Lisanne Verhoef
  • Lise Ma De Strooper
  • Iuliana Ciocănea-Teodorescu
  • G Bea A Wisman
  • Chris Jlm Meijer
  • Maaike Cg Bleeker
  • Renske Dm Steenbergen
  • Daniëlle Am Heideman

Aim: To evaluate the triage performance of six host-cell DNA methylation markers derived from two genome-wide discovery screens for detection of cervical precancer (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 3 [CIN]) and cancer. Materials & methods: Human papillomavirus-positive cervical scrapes of controls (≤CIN1; n = 352) and women diagnosed with CIN3 (n = 175) or cervical cancer (n = 50) were analyzed for methylation of ASCL1, LHX8, ST6GALNAC5, GHSR, SST and ZIC1. Results: Methylation levels increased significantly with disease severity (all markers p < 0.001). Three markers (ASCL1, LHX8, ZIC1) showed receiver operating characteristic curves with area under the curve >0.800 after leave-one-out cross-validation. Bi-marker panel ASCL1/LHX8 had highest area under the curve (0.882), and detected 83.4% of CIN3 and all cervical cancers at specificity of 82.4%. Conclusion: All six methylation markers showed an equivalent, high performance for the triage of human papillomavirus-positive women using cervical scrapes with complementarity between markers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1569-1578
Number of pages10
JournalEpigenomics
Volume12
Issue number18
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17-Sep-2020

ID: 134691350