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Evaluation of [F-18]MC225 as a PET radiotracer for measuring P-glycoprotein function at the blood-brain barrier in rats: Kinetics, metabolism, and selectivity

Savolainen, H., Windhorst, A. D., Elsinga, P. H., Cantore, M., Colabufo, N. A., Willemsen, A. T. M. & Luurtsema, G., 1-Apr-2017, In : Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 37, 4, p. 1286-1298 13 p.

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  • Evaluation of [18F]MC225 as a PET radiotracer for measuring P-glycoprotein function at the blood–brain barrier in rats: Kinetics, metabolism, and selectivity

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DOI

P-glycoprotein is a protective efflux transporter at the blood-brain barrier showing altered function in many neurological disorders. The purpose of this study was to validate [F-18]MC225 as a radiotracer for measuring P-glycoprotein function with positron emission tomography. Three groups of Sprague-Dawley rats were used to assess tracer uptake at baseline (group 1), after inhibition of P-glycoprotein (group 2), and after inhibition of both P-glycoprotein and breast cancer resistance protein (Bcrp, group 3). A two-tissue compartment model with a metabolite-corrected plasma input function provided the best fit to the positron emission tomography data, but parameter estimates were more reliable in a one-tissue compartment model, which was selected as the preferred model. Regional distribution volumes (V-T) in the control group ranged from 6 to 11, which is higher than for other radiotracers. [F-18]MC225 showed transporter selectivity, since inhibition of P-glycoprotein caused a two to fourfold increase in the cerebral V-T values, but additional inhibition of Bcrp did not cause any further increase. Metabolic stability of [F-18]MC225 was moderate (at 1h post-injection 15% of plasma radioactivity and 76% of brain radioactivity represented intact parent). Thus, [F-18]MC225 may be a useful radiotracer to measure especially increases of P-glycoprotein function at the blood-brain barrier.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1286-1298
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Volume37
Issue number4
Early online date1-Jan-2016
Publication statusPublished - 1-Apr-2017

    Keywords

  • Blood-brain barrier, brain imaging, breast cancer resistance protein, kinetic modeling, positron emission tomography, CANCER RESISTANCE PROTEIN, ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE, ABC TRANSPORTERS, IN-VITRO, HUMANS, RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS, PENETRATION, COOPERATION, INHIBITION, EXPRESSION

ID: 35194049