Publication

Environmental economics of lignin derived transport fuels

Obydenkova, S. V., Kouris, P. D., Hensen, E. J. M., Heeres, H. J. & Boot, M. D., Nov-2017, In : Bioresource Technology. 243, p. 589-599 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Svetlana V. Obydenkova
  • Panos D. Kouris
  • Emiel J. M. Hensen
  • Hero J. Heeres
  • Michael D. Boot

This paper explores the environmental and economic aspects of fast pyrolytic conversion of lignin, obtained from 2G ethanol plants, to transport fuels for both the marine and automotive markets. Various scenarios are explored, pertaining to aggregation of lignin from several sites, alternative energy carries to replace lignin, transport modalities, and allocation methodology. The results highlight two critical factors that ultimately determine the economic and/or environmental fuel viability. The first factor, the logistics scheme, exhibited the disadvantage of the centralized approach, owing to prohibitively expensive transportation costs of the low energy-dense lignin. Life cycle analysis (LCA) displayed the second critical factor related to alternative energy carrier selection. Natural gas (NG) chosen over additional biomass boosts well-to-wheel greenhouse gas emissions (WTW GHG) to a level incompatible with the reduction targets set by the U.S. renewable fuel standard (RFS). Adversely, the process' economics revealed higher profits vs. fossil energy carrier. (C) 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-599
Number of pages11
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume243
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2017

    Keywords

  • 2G ethanol plants, Lignin, Fuels, Life cycle assessment, DUTY DIESEL-ENGINE, FAST PYROLYSIS, BIO-OIL, CELLULOSIC ETHANOL, COST, LOGISTICS, EMISSIONS, CHEMICALS, PERFORMANCE, BIOFUELS

View graph of relations

Download statistics

No data available

ID: 53418480