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Enabling Ambipolar to Heavy n-Type Transport in PbS Quantum Dot Solids through Doping with Organic Molecules

Nugraha, M. I., Kumagai, S., Watanabe, S., Sytnyk, M., Heiss, W., Loi, M. A. & Takeya, J., 31-May-2017, In : ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. 9, 21, p. 18039-18045 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Mohamad Insan Nugraha
  • Shohei Kumagai
  • Shun Watanabe
  • Mykhailo Sytnyk
  • Wolfgang Heiss
  • Maria Antonietta Loi
  • Jun Takeya

PbS quantum dots (QDs) are remarkable semiconducting materials, which are compatible with low-cost solution-processed electronic device fabrication. Understanding the doping of these materials is one of the great research interests, as it is a necessary step to improve the device performance as well as to enhance the applicability of this system for diverse optoelectronic applications. Here, we report the efficient doping of the PbS QD films with the use of solution-processable organic molecules. By engineering the energy levels of the donor molecules and the PbS QDs through the use of different cross-linking ligands, we are able to control the characteristics of PbS field-effect transistors (FETs) from ambipolar to strongly n-type. Because the doping promotes trap filling, the charge carrier mobility is improved up to 0.64 cm(-2) V-1 s(-1), which is the highest mobility reported for low-temperature processed PbS FETs employing SiO2 as the gate dielectric. The doping also reduces the contact resistance of the devices, which can also explain the origin of the increased mobility.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18039-18045
Number of pages7
JournalACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Volume9
Issue number21
Publication statusPublished - 31-May-2017

    Keywords

  • quantum dots, benzyl viologen, doping, ligands, field-effect transistors, COLLOIDAL NANOCRYSTALS, POST-SYNTHESIS, INTEGRATION, EMISSION, MOBILITY

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