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ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF MIDBRAIN PERIAQUEDUCTAL GRAY INFLUENCE ON CARDIOVASCULAR NEURONS IN THE VENTROLATERAL MEDULLA-OBLONGATA

VANDERPLAS, J., MAES, FW. & BOHUS, B., 1995, In : Brain Research Bulletin. 38, 5, p. 447-456 10 p.

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Stimulation of sites in the rostral or caudoventral periaqueductal gray (PAG) results in substantial increases in mean blood pressure (MBP) and heart rate (HR). The efferent pathways from these PAG subregions possibly include a relay in the ventrolateral medulla oblongata (VLM), where neurons involved in maintaining vasomotor tone are located. Extracellular recordings were made from 21 cardiovascular neurons in the rostral VLM (RVLM) and from 6 cardiovascular neurons in the caudal VLM (CVLM) of the rat. These neurons showed barosensitivity and cardiac rhythmicity. In addition, the activity of 54 noncardiovascular and nonrespiratory units was recorded. Responses to electrical stimulation of sites in the (rostral or caudal) PAG were studied in 16 of the 21 cardiovascular RVLM neurons, the 6 CVLM neurons, and 46 of the 54 noncardiovascular neurons. Eight of the RVLM neurons were excited by rostral PAO stimulation; the poststimulus time histograms showed a constant latency in five units (32 +/- 3 ms). This suggests the presence of relatively direct (although not monosynaptic) excitatory pathways from the rostral PAG to cardiovascular neurons in the RVLM, consisting of slowly conducting fibers (0.2-0.3 m/s). Five RVLM neurons did not respond to rostral PAG stimulation. Three units were tested with caudal PAG stimulation: one was excited, one inhibited, and one was unresponsive. The six cardiovascular CVLM neurons did not respond to PAG stimulation. Of the 46 noncardiovascular neurons, 14 cells were excited, 7 inhibited, and 2 cells antidromically activated. These results confirm earlier findings, extending them to the rostral PAG. They supply further evidence for the influence of the PAG on the cardiovascular function-related neuronal circuitry in the VLM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-456
Number of pages10
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Volume38
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1995

    Keywords

  • VLM, PAG, SINGLE UNIT, ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY, BLOOD PRESSURE, HEART RATE, NUCLEUS PARAGIGANTOCELLULARIS LATERALIS, FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE-BEHAVIOR, ROSTRAL VENTRAL MEDULLA, CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM, BRAIN-STEM, ELECTRICAL-STIMULATION, BAROSENSITIVE NEURONS, AFFERENT-PROJECTIONS, DIFFERENTIAL CONTROL, BARORECEPTOR REFLEX

ID: 6439528