Elderly with remaining teeth report less frailty and better quality of life than edentulous elderly: a cross-sectional studyHoeksema, A. R., Spoorenberg, S. L. W., Peters, L. L., Meijer, H. J. A., Raghoebar, G. M., Vissink, A., Wynia, K. & Visser, A., May-2017, In : Oral diseases. 23, 4, p. 526-536 11 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
ObjectiveTo assess oral status and self-reported oral health in community-living elderly and to determine differences between relevant subgroups of oral status (remaining teeth, edentulous, implant-retained overdentures) and case complexity (robust, frail, complex care needs).
Subjects and methodsIn this cross-sectional descriptive study, 1325 Dutch community-living elderly (75years of age) were asked to complete validated questionnaires on frailty, activities of daily living (ADL), complexity of care needs, and QoL. Data on oral status, self-reported oral health, dental care, general health, and medication use were assessed. Differences between relevant subgroups were determined.
ResultsData of 1026 (77%) elderly (median 80years, IQR 77-84) were analyzed: 39% had remaining teeth, 51% were edentulous, and 10% had implant-supported overdentures. Elderly with complex care needs (n=225, 22%) and frail elderly (n=217, 21%) were more often edentulous and reported more oral problems than robust elderly (n=584, 57%). Elderly persons with remaining teeth were less frail, had better QoL and ADL, and used fewer medicines than edentulous elderly. Elderly with implant-supported overdentures performed better on frailty and QoL than edentulous elderly with conventional dentures.
ConclusionCommunity-living elderly commonly suffer from oral health problems, in particular elderly with complex care needs. QoL, ADL, and general health are higher among community-living elderly with remaining teeth and implant-supported overdentures than in edentulous elderly.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - May-2017|
- geriatric conditions, dental diseases, public health, periodontium, ORAL-HEALTH, PERIODONTAL-DISEASE, ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE, RISK-FACTOR, CARE, INFECTION, PEOPLE, ADULTS, METAANALYSIS