Publication

Effects of power on negotiations: a comparison of collaborative versus competitive approach

Fousiani, K., Steinel, W. & Minnigh, P. A., 17-Aug-2020, In : International Journal of Conflict Management. 27 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Purpose
The purpose of this study is to examine two opposing approaches to the effects of power on negotiation: a “collaborative approach” of power and a “competitive approach” of power. Accordingly, the authors state oppositional hypotheses based on each approach. This study further investigates the mediating role of the perceived threat of the negotiation and the moderating role of negotiation topic (i.e. topics that touch on one’s power position versus topics that are related to the tasks one needs to perform) in this relationship. Finally, the authors state a moderated mediation hypothesis where they expected that the negotiation topic would moderate the indirect effect of power on negotiation strategies.

Design/methodology/approach
A vignette study (N = 279) and a negotiation game (N = 138) were conducted where the power within dyads was manipulated.

Findings
Study 1 showed that powerholders prefer collaborative strategies, whereas powerless negotiators prefer competitive strategies. Perceived threat of the negotiation mediated this effect. Furthermore, both Studies 1 and 2 showed that the negotiation topic moderates the effect of power on negotiation strategies providing further support for the collaborative approach of power. Finally, Study 1 provided partial support for the moderated mediation hypothesis.

Research limitations/implications
Both Studies 1 and 2 are experimental studies. A field study should try to replicate these results in the future.

Practical implications
This study illuminates the effects of power on negotiation and addresses inconsistent findings in the negotiation literature. The results might be of great importance to large organizations where power asymmetries constitute an integral part of the employee/manager interactions.

Originality/value
To the best of the authors’ knowledge, this is the first study to show the moderating role of negotiation topic in the relationship between power and negotiation.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages27
JournalInternational Journal of Conflict Management
Early online date17-Aug-2020
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17-Aug-2020

    Keywords

  • Collaboration, Competition, Power, Threat, Negotiation topic, Yielding, INTERPERSONAL CONFLICT, SOCIAL POWER, THREAT, RISK, PERFORMANCE, OPPORTUNITY, INHIBITION, EXPERIENCE, CHALLENGE, STABILITY

ID: 131277221