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Effects of adrenalectomy on Ca2+ currents and Ca2+ channel subunit mRNA expression in hippocampal CA1 neurons of young rats

Karst, H., Werkman, TR., Struik, M., Bosma, A. & Joels, M., Jun-1997, In : Synapse. 26, 2, p. 155-164 10 p.

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  • Effects of adrenalectomy on Ca2+ currents and Ca2+ channel subunit mRNA expression in hippocampal CA1 neurons of young rats

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DOI

  • H Karst
  • TR Werkman
  • M Struik
  • A Bosma
  • M Joels

Previously it was found that the amplitude of Ca currents in CA1 hippocampal neurons increases after adrenalectomy (ADX) of young adult rats. Preliminary data suggested that this effect of ADX is age-dependent. In the present study we therefore investigated the effect of ADX on Ca currents in three age groups: rats that were 1, 3, or 6 months old. It appeared that ADX of the youngest age group resulted in a selective enhancement of sustained, high threshold Ca currents. By contrast, ADX of the oldest rats enhanced only the low threshold, transient Ca current amplitude. The age dependency of the ADX-induced effects can be explained by developmental changes in Ca current properties in the adrenally intact rats with which ADX animals were compared. Data from acutely dissociated cells, which lack most of their dendrites, suggest that the ADX-induced changes of Ca current properties are at least partly targeted at currents generated in the distal dendrites. No significant changes were observed with age or after ADX for the mRNA expression of the alpha 1D Ca channel subunit, which forms the ionpore of the sustained high threshold L-type Ca channel. We can therefore presently not exclude that the altered amplitude of Ca current with age and ADX is due to changes in ion channel function rather than in the total number of these channels. (C) 1997 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-164
Number of pages10
JournalSynapse
Volume26
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun-1997
Externally publishedYes

    Keywords

  • corticosteroid hormones, whole cell voltage clamp, in situ hybridization, hippocampal slices, acutely dissociated neurons, CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM, PYRAMIDAL NEURONS, CALCIUM CHANNELS, PATCH-CLAMP, AGED RATS, CONDUCTANCES, BRAIN, LOCALIZATION, EXCITABILITY, RECORDINGS

ID: 66161435