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Effect of Gamma-Ray Energy on Image Quality in Passive Gamma Emission Tomography of Spent Nuclear Fuel

Bélanger-Champagne, C., Peura, P., Eerola, P., Honkamaa, T., White, T., Mayorov, M. & Dendooven, P., Jan-2019, In : IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science. 66, 1, p. 487-496 10 p.

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  • Effect of Gamma-Ray Energy on Image Quality in Passive Gamma Emission Tomography

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DOI

  • Camille Bélanger-Champagne
  • Pauli Peura
  • Paula Eerola
  • Tapani Honkamaa
  • Timothy White
  • Mikhail Mayorov
  • Peter Dendooven
Gamma-ray images of VVER-440 and SVEA-96 spent nuclear fuel assemblies were reconstructed using the filtered backprojection algorithm from measurements with a passive gamma emission tomography prototype instrument at Finnish nuclear power plants. Image quality evaluation criteria based on line profiles through the reconstructed image are used to evaluate image quality for spent fuel assemblies with different cooling times, and thus different mixtures of gamma-ray emitting isotopes. Image characteristics at the locations of water channels and central fuel pins are compared in two gamma-ray energy windows, 600–700 and >700 keV, for cooling times up to 10 years for SVEA-96 fuel and 24.5 years for VVER-440 fuel. For SVEA-96 fuel, images in the >700-keV gamma-ray energy window present better water-to-fuel contrast for all investigated cooling times. For VVER-440, images in the >700-keV gamma-ray energy window have higher water-to-fuel contrast up to and including a cooling time of 18.5 years, whereas the water-to-fuel contrast of the images taken in the two gamma-ray energy windows is equivalent for a cooling time of 24.5 years. Images reconstructed from higher energy gamma rays such as those in the >700-keV energy window present better water-to-fuel contrast in fuel cooled for up to 20 years and thus have the most potential for missing fuel pin detection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-496
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science
Volume66
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2019
Externally publishedYes

    Keywords

  • Detectors, Gamma-rays, Pins, Prototypes, Nuclear fuels, Instruments, Gamma-ray tomography, safeguards, spent nuclear fuel (SNF), DATA SHEETS

ID: 74466213