Educational Attainment and Environmental Concern in China: An Instrumental Variable Approach

Olivos, F., Palomo Vélez, G., Olivos-Jara, P. & Minhui, L., 2021, (Accepted/In press) In : Asian Journal of Social Psychology.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Formal education is theorized to be an essential vehicle to promote and trigger pro-environmental attitudes and behavioural changes among citizens via the increase of public awareness and concern. However, robust estimations of its causal effect on individuals’ concern for the environment are scarce. This study aimed to estimate the effect of educational attainment on environmental concern in China, addressing the problem of endogeneity. China is the largest emitter of CO2 and faces severe environmental problems due to its rapid process of industrialization and urbanization. The findings show that educational attainment has a robust positive causal effect on environmental concern in China. After addressing potential endogeneity issues using an instrumental variable approach, the effect is stronger than a conventional ordinal least squares (OLS) estimation. Thus, education is a crucial path of action to promote environmental concern and subsequent pro-environmental behaviour in China.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAsian Journal of Social Psychology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

ID: 131755403