Publication

Drivers of virtual water flows on regional water scarcity in China

Cai, B., Zhang, W., Hubacek, K., Feng, K., Li, Z. L., Liu, Y. & Liu, Y., 10-Jan-2019, In : Journal of Cleaner Production. 207, p. 1112-1122 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Cai, B., Zhang, W., Hubacek, K., Feng, K., Li, Z. L., Liu, Y., & Liu, Y. (2019). Drivers of virtual water flows on regional water scarcity in China. Journal of Cleaner Production, 207, 1112-1122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.077

Author

Cai, Beiming ; Zhang, Wei ; Hubacek, Klaus ; Feng, Kuishuang ; Li, Zhen Liang ; Liu, Yawen ; Liu, Yu. / Drivers of virtual water flows on regional water scarcity in China. In: Journal of Cleaner Production. 2019 ; Vol. 207. pp. 1112-1122.

Harvard

Cai, B, Zhang, W, Hubacek, K, Feng, K, Li, ZL, Liu, Y & Liu, Y 2019, 'Drivers of virtual water flows on regional water scarcity in China', Journal of Cleaner Production, vol. 207, pp. 1112-1122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.077

Standard

Drivers of virtual water flows on regional water scarcity in China. / Cai, Beiming; Zhang, Wei; Hubacek, Klaus; Feng, Kuishuang; Li, Zhen Liang; Liu, Yawen; Liu, Yu.

In: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 207, 10.01.2019, p. 1112-1122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Cai B, Zhang W, Hubacek K, Feng K, Li ZL, Liu Y et al. Drivers of virtual water flows on regional water scarcity in China. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2019 Jan 10;207:1112-1122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.077


BibTeX

@article{85deea1273634b208c39d5a34a322e8e,
title = "Drivers of virtual water flows on regional water scarcity in China",
abstract = "Previous studies had shown that the virtual water flows had intensified local water scarcity of China. There is an urgent need to identify the drivers of virtual water flows and provide the potential options to reduce the impact of virtual water flows on regional water scarcity. Based on the multi-regional input-output model and structural decomposition analysis, we evaluated the redistribution of water withdrawal within China in 2002, 2007 and 2012, and then revealed the hidden driving forces of the changes in virtual water flows. For a specific province, the drivers had been divided into local and the rest of China. Here we found that: (1) The share of virtual water flows in interregional trade to total water withdrawal had increased (from 20.1{\%} to 40.5{\%}) during the study period. (2) The direction of virtual water flows has reversed between some Chinese regions. Northwest and Northeast regions have become the major virtual water exporters. (3) The virtual water flows hidden in traded products of agriculture, electricity and the chemical industry accounted for more than 83{\%} of total virtual water flows. (4) Local efficiency gains and consumption pattern changes in other provinces were the main drivers for changes in virtual water flows. The water-scarce Northwest and Northeast of China had further increased virtual water export to the water-rich provinces in southern China. This trend could be curbed by improving water use efficiency and restraining water-intensive consumption. Our results could pinpoint areas to invest in water use efficiency and provide guidance for areas to restrain water-intensive consumption.",
keywords = "Driving forces, Interprovincial trade, Multiregional input-output model, Structural decomposition analysis",
author = "Beiming Cai and Wei Zhang and Klaus Hubacek and Kuishuang Feng and Li, {Zhen Liang} and Yawen Liu and Yu Liu",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "10",
doi = "10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.077",
language = "English",
volume = "207",
pages = "1112--1122",
journal = "Journal of Cleaner Production",
issn = "0959-6526",
publisher = "ELSEVIER SCI LTD",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Drivers of virtual water flows on regional water scarcity in China

AU - Cai, Beiming

AU - Zhang, Wei

AU - Hubacek, Klaus

AU - Feng, Kuishuang

AU - Li, Zhen Liang

AU - Liu, Yawen

AU - Liu, Yu

PY - 2019/1/10

Y1 - 2019/1/10

N2 - Previous studies had shown that the virtual water flows had intensified local water scarcity of China. There is an urgent need to identify the drivers of virtual water flows and provide the potential options to reduce the impact of virtual water flows on regional water scarcity. Based on the multi-regional input-output model and structural decomposition analysis, we evaluated the redistribution of water withdrawal within China in 2002, 2007 and 2012, and then revealed the hidden driving forces of the changes in virtual water flows. For a specific province, the drivers had been divided into local and the rest of China. Here we found that: (1) The share of virtual water flows in interregional trade to total water withdrawal had increased (from 20.1% to 40.5%) during the study period. (2) The direction of virtual water flows has reversed between some Chinese regions. Northwest and Northeast regions have become the major virtual water exporters. (3) The virtual water flows hidden in traded products of agriculture, electricity and the chemical industry accounted for more than 83% of total virtual water flows. (4) Local efficiency gains and consumption pattern changes in other provinces were the main drivers for changes in virtual water flows. The water-scarce Northwest and Northeast of China had further increased virtual water export to the water-rich provinces in southern China. This trend could be curbed by improving water use efficiency and restraining water-intensive consumption. Our results could pinpoint areas to invest in water use efficiency and provide guidance for areas to restrain water-intensive consumption.

AB - Previous studies had shown that the virtual water flows had intensified local water scarcity of China. There is an urgent need to identify the drivers of virtual water flows and provide the potential options to reduce the impact of virtual water flows on regional water scarcity. Based on the multi-regional input-output model and structural decomposition analysis, we evaluated the redistribution of water withdrawal within China in 2002, 2007 and 2012, and then revealed the hidden driving forces of the changes in virtual water flows. For a specific province, the drivers had been divided into local and the rest of China. Here we found that: (1) The share of virtual water flows in interregional trade to total water withdrawal had increased (from 20.1% to 40.5%) during the study period. (2) The direction of virtual water flows has reversed between some Chinese regions. Northwest and Northeast regions have become the major virtual water exporters. (3) The virtual water flows hidden in traded products of agriculture, electricity and the chemical industry accounted for more than 83% of total virtual water flows. (4) Local efficiency gains and consumption pattern changes in other provinces were the main drivers for changes in virtual water flows. The water-scarce Northwest and Northeast of China had further increased virtual water export to the water-rich provinces in southern China. This trend could be curbed by improving water use efficiency and restraining water-intensive consumption. Our results could pinpoint areas to invest in water use efficiency and provide guidance for areas to restrain water-intensive consumption.

KW - Driving forces

KW - Interprovincial trade

KW - Multiregional input-output model

KW - Structural decomposition analysis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85056201411&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.077

DO - 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.10.077

M3 - Article

VL - 207

SP - 1112

EP - 1122

JO - Journal of Cleaner Production

JF - Journal of Cleaner Production

SN - 0959-6526

ER -

ID: 79502577