Does the share of religious ingroup members affect how important religion is to adolescents? Applying Optimal Distinctiveness Theory to four European countriesLeszczensky, L., Flache, A. & Sauter, L., 14-Jun-2019, In : Journal of ethnic and migration studies. 19 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
European youth attend classrooms that are religiously diverse, with the importance of religion differing between ethno-religious groups. While religion no longer matters much to many native-origin Christian youth, it is important to many of their immigrant-origin Christian and, especially, Muslim peers. Considering religion as a source of adolescents' social identity, we examine how religious classroom composition relates to the importance adolescents attach to religion. Optimal Distinctiveness Theory suggests a curvilinear relation, because a group has to be large enough to satisfy the need of belonging but small enough to satisfy the need for differentiation. Using large-scale survey data for 15-year old adolescents from four European countries, we find that this inverted U-shaped relation holds for immigrant-origin Muslim but not for native- and immigrant-origin Christian youth. Instead, for Christian youth religion was more important in classrooms with higher shares of Muslim classmates, thus lending credence to arguments derived from threat theory.
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||Journal of ethnic and migration studies|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 14-Jun-2019|
- Religiosity, classroom composition, Optimal Distinctiveness Theory (ODT), group threat, SOCIAL IDENTITY, ETHNIC-COMPOSITION, FRIENDSHIP SEGREGATION, WESTERN-EUROPE, IMMIGRANT, NETHERLANDS, DUTCH, IDENTIFICATION, DIVERSITY, ATTITUDES